Obituary section update on Genealogy Quebec

More new content on Genealogy Quebec! This time in the Obituary section, which contains all the obituaries, memorial cards and tombstone pictures available on the website.

Memorial Cards

5,350 memorial cards have been added to the Obituary section, which now contains a total of 97,802 cards.
You can search this collection by name or first name of the deceased as well as by date of death.

Most of these cards pertain to individuals who died in Quebec between 1860 and today.
You can browse this collection with a subscription to Genealogy Quebec at this address.

Internet obituaries

A new milestone is within reach in the Internet Obituaries section, with close to 2,600,000 death notices now available. As the name suggests, this section contains obituaries from various online sources and covers all of Canada from 1999 to today.

This collection is updated monthly and is equipped with a search engine allowing you to browse obituaries by name, date, or via the text of the notice.

All these documents can be browsed in the Obituary section, where you will also find, in addition to memorial cards and internet obituaries, 710,000 indexed photos of headstones and 1,250,000 death notices from Quebec and Ontario newspapers.
More information about the Obituary section can be found on the the Drouin Institute blog.

Subscribe to Genealogy Quebec to have access to the Obituary section as well as 14 other tools totaling nearly 47 million images and files!

Genealogically yours,

The Drouin team

LAFRANCE update: 31,586 new records from Quebec, Ontario and New Brunswick

31,586 new birth, marriage and death records are now available on the LAFRANCE, one of the 15 tools offered to Genealogy Quebec subscribers.

These new parish records are from Quebec, Ontario and New Brunswick.

Record 7968864,

Here is a detailed overview of the added records by year and location:

Parish / Location Record type Min
Max year Records
Penetanguishene (St. Ann) m 1850 1861 103
Ottawa (St-Joseph) m 1858 1861 45
Ottawa (Notre-Dame) m 1850 1861 979
Curran m 1850 1861 179
Cornwall (St-Colomban) m 1850 1861 128
Quebec (Non-Catholic)        
Québec (Protestants) b 1768 1800 1689
Québec (Protestants) s 1768 1800 1041
Montréal (Anglican, Saint Thomas) s 1842 1859 358
Montréal (Anglican, Saint Thomas) b 1842 1860 615
Montréal (Anglican, Saint Thomas) m 1850 1860 106
Montréal (Anglican, Christ Church Cathedral) m 1850 1861 229
Frelighsburg (Anglican Church, Holy Trinity) b 1804 1861 999
Frelighsburg (Anglican Church, Holy Trinity) s 1808 1861 480
Frelighsburg (Anglican Church, Holy Trinity) m 1850 1861 28
Montréal (Anglican, Saint Thomas) b 1842 1860 615
Montréal (Anglican, Saint Thomas) m 1850 1860 106
Montréal (Anglican, Saint Thomas) s 1842 1859 358
Montréal (Anglican, Trinity Memorial Chapel) b 1840 1861 827
Montréal (Anglican, Trinity Memorial Chapel) m 1850 1861 146
Montréal (Anglican, Trinity Memorial Chapel) s 1840 1861 465
Montréal (Congregational, Second) b 1843 1857 83
Montréal (Congregational, Second) m 1850 1857 13
Montréal (Congregational, Second) s 1844 1857 46
Montréal (Congregational, Zion) b 1834 1861 599
Montréal (Congregational, Zion) m 1850 1861 111
Montréal (Congregational, Zion) s 1834 1861 418
Montréal (Jewish – Spanish – Portuguese) b 1841 1861 152
Montréal (Jewish – Spanish – Portuguese) m 1851 1858 15
Montréal (Jewish – Spanish – Portuguese) s 1841 1861 78
Montréal (Methodist, Mountain Street) b 1843 1861 722
Montréal (Methodist, Mountain Street) m 1850 1861 106
Montréal (Methodist, Mountain Street) s 1844 1861 296
Montréal (Presbyterian, American Presbyterian) b 1831 1861 507
Montréal (Presbyterian, American Presbyterian) m 1850 1861 61
Montréal (Presbyterian, American Presbyterian) s 1832 1861 408
Shefford (Anglican Church) b 1822 1854 726
Shefford (Anglican Church) m 1850 1854 29
Shefford (Anglican Church) s 1822 1854 202
Quebec (First nations)        
Sault-St-Louis (Kahnawake) b 1825 1861 2266
Sault-St-Louis (Kahnawake) s 1825 1861 1878
Acadia / New Brunswick        
Cocagne m 1801 1859 84
Cocagne b 1800 1861 1319
Cocagne s 1800 1861 110
Bouctouche b 1800 1861 2208
Bouctouche m 1800 1861 333
Bouctouche s 1800 1861 309
Shemogue s 1813 1854 167
Shemogue b 1813 1857 1081
Bathurst-Ouest b 1798 1861 2899
Bathurst-Ouest m 1798 1861 526
Bathurst-Ouest s 1798 1860 198
Nelson b 1826 1853 2923
Nelson m 1826 1845 659
Nelson s 1826 1833 47

m = marriage, b = baptism, s = burial

In addition to these new records, the LAFRANCE contains:

  • ALL of Quebec’s Catholic marriages from 1621 to 1918
  • ALL of Quebec’s Catholic baptisms from 1621 to 1861
  • ALL of Quebec’s Catholic burials from 1621 to 1861
  • ALL of Quebec’s Protestant marriages from 1760 to 1849
  • 1,450,000 Quebec Catholic marriages from 1919 to today
  • 80,000 Quebec civil marriages from 1969 to today
  • 140,000 Ontario marriages from 1850 to today
  • 38,000 marriages from the United States
  • 3,000 Quebec Protestant marriages from 1850 to 1941
  • 17,000 miscellaneous Quebec marriages from 2018 and 2019
  • 68,000 miscellaneous baptisms and burials from 1862 to 2019

More information regarding the LAFRANCE can be found on the Drouin Institute’s blog.

You may browse these documents, and millions more, by subscribing to Genealogy Quebec today!



Genealogically yours,

The Drouin team

Connolly File update: 74,789 new baptism, marriage and burial records on Genealogy Quebec!

An update has been applied to the Connolly File, one of 15 tools available to Genealogy Quebec subscribers.

19,219 baptisms, 13,249 marriages and 42,321 burials were added through this update.

What is the Connolly File?

The Connolly File is an index of births, marriages and deaths from Quebec and parts of the United States and Canada covering a period spanning from 1621 to 2020. It is developed and maintained by the Société de généalogie des Cantons-de-l’Est.
The tool contains over 6,750,000 birth, marriage and death records.

You may browse the Connolly File with a subscription to Genealogy Quebec at this address.

You will find more information about this collection as well as research tips and best practices in this article on the Drouin Institute blog.

Update details

Here is a more detailed overview of the update.


Cimetière St-Charles ville de QC
Bur.1914-1940: 38,899 records

N-D-de-la-Providence, N-D-des-Pins Beauce
Bap. 1926-1940: 225 records
Mar. 1926-1940: 55 records
Bur. 1926-1940: 63 records

État Civil du Québec
Filiations: 104 records
Mar. 7913 records

Odanak (Yamaska), St-François-de-Sales
Bap. 1848-1942: 871 records
Mar. 1848-1942: 167 records
Bur. 1848-1941: 820 records

Deaths 1926-1976: 364 records

St-Fulgence, comté Chicoutimi
Bap. 1871-1940: 3132 records
Mar. 1871-1940: 536 records
Bur. 1871-1940: 1185 records

St-Aimé, Kingsey Falls comté Drummond
Bap. 1842-1940: 1795 records
Mar. 1842-1940: 388 records
Bur. 1842-1940: 740 records

United States

St. Michael de Swansea MA, US
Bap. 1879-1996: 9877 records

Notre-Dame-de-Lourdes de Fall River MA, US
Mar. 1962-1999: 834 records

Sanford ME, US St. Ignatius
Mar. 1893-1908: 248 records

Stanford ME, US Holy Family
Mar. 1923-1991: 1520 records

St-Joseph de Fitchburg, MA, US
Mar. 1890-1995: 2724 records

St. Anthony, Jackman, ME, US
Bap. 1794-1998: 1666 records
Mar. 1892-1980: 771 records

St. Sebastian, Madison, ME, US
Mar. 1900-1980: 998 records

Additionally, some 484 corrections suggested by our users were applied.

Subscribe to Genealogy Quebec and start browsing the Connolly File today!



Genealogically yours,

The Drouin team

Quebec birth, marriage and death records

The keeping of birth, marriage and death records in Quebec dates back to the very beginnings of the French colony in North America.

Indeed, it was in 1621 that the first Catholic parish register opened, recording the baptisms, marriages and burials of the population of the young colony.

Guillaume Couillard and Guillemette Hebert’s marriage in 1621, from the Notre-Dame-de-Québec register.  Samuel De Champlain, friend of Guillaume, serves as witness. 
Source: Record 66317, LAFRANCE,

In the 1760s, following the conquest of New France by the British Empire, and the arrival of many individuals of Protestant faith in the province, the Catholic Church lost its monopoly in the documentation of birth, marriages and deaths in Canada.

John Cativin and Isabella Donaldson’s marriage in 1766, from Montreal’s Anglican register.
Source: Record 4777972, LAFRANCE,

It was not until 1926 that the state got involved, with the establishment of the Registre de référence à l’état civil, which didn’t replace but rather added to the practice of recording vital events in churches. This register includes a majority of marriages and deaths registered in the province between 1926 and 1997. It can be consulted with a subscription on Genealogy Quebec at this address.

Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor’s marriage in Montreal in 1964.
Source: Marriages and Deaths 1926-1997,

In 1994, Quebec centralizes the registration its population’s vital events with the creation of the Direction de l’état civil. The vast majority of these documents are not publicly available.

How birth, marriage and death records are used in genealogy

Thanks to the recording of Quebec’s vital events, initially by the church and then by the government, the descendants of Quebecers can easily trace the history of their families. But in concrete terms, how are birth, marriage and death records used to trace a family’s history?


The key to tracing a genealogical lineage is found in marriage records. The reason is simple: historically, the marriage official was required to include the names of the parents of the spouses in the marriage record.
This information allows us to go back a generation and find the marriage record of the parents of the spouses.
A complete lineage can thus be traced through the chain of marriages of the individuals forming it.

Several databases containing Quebec birth, marriage and death records exist on the Web, but the most complete is the LAFRANCE, available on Genealogy Quebec. We will use it here to illustrate the principle explained above.

To begin our research, we need a starting point, a marriage from the desired lineage. For demonstration purposes, we will be using the marriage of the great-grandparents of the author of this article, François Eugène Desjardins and Anna Jacques.

We being with a search for the spouses in the LAFRANCE.

This allows us to find their marriage record, in 1907.

The marriage record contains the groom’s parents’ names, Charles Eugène Desjardins and Marie Malvina Fortin.

We will now search for their marriage.

Again, this search leads us to their marriage record, in 1864

This process is repeated for each generation, until we arrive at the first immigrant of the Desjardins line in Quebec, Antoine Roy dit Desjardins, who’s marriage record can be seen below.

Births and deaths

Births and deaths, on the other hand, can be used to paint a more complete picture of the lives of one’s ancestors.

For example, PRDH-IGD‘s “family files” group together all the vital events (baptisms, marriages and burials) related to a family unit.

Family file of Pierre Roy Desjardins and Marie Anne Martin, with their children listed as well as links to the baptisms, marriages and burials of every individual mentioned.
Source: Family File 6710,

This global portrait, drawn from the baptism, marriage and burial records of the Catholic Church, gives us a unique insight into the lives of our ancestors and their migratory movements over the years.

Whether consulting a marriage, a birth or a death record, one can hope to learn the names of the involved parties and their parents, the date and place of the event being recorded, various additional information such as the place of residence or origin of the individuals mentioned, their marital status, age, and more. That’s a lot to learn about our ancestors!

The best sources of Quebec records online

Quebec is recognized worldwide for the comprehensiveness of its genealogical collections, and there are many sites offering access to Quebec birth, marriage and death records on the Internet.

Genealogy Quebec

Genealogy Quebec subscribers have access to the largest collection of Quebec records available on the internet. These can be found in various formats on the site: church parish records, civil government records, baptism, marriage and burial records, vital event register indexes, and more. The majority of these documents can be found in the LAFRANCE tool, a detailed index with a link to the original document of several million civil and religious records from Quebec. The tool is equipped with a search engine allowing you to browse the following documents:

  • ALL of Quebec’s Catholic marriages from 1621 to 1918
  • ALL of Quebec’s Catholic baptisms from 1621 to 1861
  • ALL of Quebec’s Catholic burials from 1621 to 1861
  • ALL of Quebec’s Protestant marriages from 1760 to 1849
  • 1,450,000 Quebec Catholic marriages from 1919 to today
  • 80,000 Quebec civil marriages from 1969 to today
  • 140,000 Ontario marriages from 1850 to today
  • 38,000 marriages from the United States
  • 3,000 Quebec Protestant marriages from 1850 to 1941
  • 17,000 miscellaneous Quebec marriages from 2018 and 2019

Church record as presented on Genealogy Quebec’s LAFRANCE

A subscription is necessary in order to access the collections available on Genealogy Quebec. You can subscribe at this address.


PRDH-IGD is a directory of ALL vital events (baptisms, marriages and burials) recorded by the Catholic church in Quebec and French Canada from 1621 to 1849, as well as a genealogical dictionary of families commonly referred to as “Family Reconstructions”. The PRDH-IGD database contains over 2,500,000 records.

What makes PRDH-IGD a unique resource is the structure of its database. In addition to baptism, marriage and burial records, PRDH-IGD contains what are called individual and family files.

Every individual mentioned in a record in the database receives their own “individual file” in which all the information available on the individual is centralized.

Similarly, every married couple is assigned a “family file” which fulfills a similar role as the individual file, but in relation to a family unit.

The family file lists all of the couple’s children and provides a link to the events where these children are mentioned.

Ultimately, the PRDH-IGD database can be described as a massive family tree encompassing every Catholic individual who lived in Quebec between 1621 and 1849, or in other words, almost every single ancestor of the French Canadian population of America.

A subscription is necessary in order to use the PRDH-IGD database. You can subscribe at this address.

Bibliothèque et Archives Nationales du Québec (Quebec National Archives)

BAnQ’s website offers access to a digitized version of the parish registers of Quebec up to 1916, which can be consulted free of charge at this address.

Unlike the copy of this collection available on Genealogy Quebec, BAnQ’s version is not indexed. This means that you have to navigate through the church register manually, one page at a time, in order to find the desired record. Therefore, it is necessary to know the year and the parish in which the event was recorded in order to find it.

Genealogical societies

Joining a genealogical society can be a great way to access numerous collections of birth, marriage and death records, as they specialize in the preservation of genealogical and historical archives from their region. In addition, the volunteers and employees of the societies can guide you in your research and help you find the documents you are looking for.

You will find a list of genealogical societies in Quebec sorted by region at this address.

The Acadia – Families tool had been updated on Genealogy Quebec

An update has been applied to the Acadia – Families tool, one of the 15 collections available to Genealogy Quebec subscribers.

Some 11,453 family files were added through this update.

What is the Acadia – Families tool?

The Acadia – Families tool contains 141,795 family files based on original Acadian records.

Currently, these records span from the beginning of the Acadian colony to the end of 1849. In addition, 33 locations covering from 1850 to the end of the available registers are included. A list of these locations as well as a more detailed overview of the collection are available on the Drouin Institute’s blog.

The files compile the information available about a family unit. They usually contain the names and first names of the parents, the first name of the child, the dates of birth and/or baptism, death and/or burial, and marriage (a total of 263,905 events), as well as the parish. Links to the original church documents pertaining to the baptisms, marriages and burials mentioned in the file are also often available.

Family file from the Acadia – Families tool. The blue links lead to the original documents.

Original document from an Acadia – Families file

The Acadia – Families tool can be browsed with a subscription to Genealogy Quebec at this address.



Genealogically yours,

The Drouin team

Announcing the contest winners and 60% off the Drouin Institute online boutique!

It is now time to announce the 10 winners of the genealogy raffle launched on February 22, 2021, in which you could win an annual subscription to Genealogy Quebec1,000 hits on or $ 200 on our online boutique!

The winners are:

Lisa Guindon
Michel Néron
André Coulombe
Sylvie Houle
Jean Leclerc
Guillaume Boissonneault
Nathalie Lagassé
Gaston Moore
Audrey Champagne
Rachel Bouffard

A big thank you to our 4,410 participants!

60% off on the Drouin Institute online boutique

If you aren’t one of our 10 lucky winners, we still want to give you an opportunity to save money! Enjoy 60% off all purchases on the Drouin Institute boutique with the code DROUIN2021! This offer is valid until March 15th, 2021.

To benefit from this promotion, simply enter the code DROUIN2021 on checkout.

The Drouin Institute online boutique includes all the books and CD-ROMs produced by the Drouin Institute, more than 4,000 items. The boutique is also home to various directories and books from historical and genealogical societies across Quebec, Ontario and the United States.

You may use the search function to find books pertaining to a specific region, family, individual or subject.

Here are some of the collections available on the boutique.

Patrimoine familial (Family Heritage)

This collection presents some of Quebec’s most notable historical figures and details their genealogy and family history.

Patrimoine national (National Heritage)

The Patrimoine national (National Heritage) collection contains various directories of parish records, cemeteries, death notices, memorial cards, censuses and more.

Livres divers (Miscellaneous books)

Contains various books and directories from the Drouin Institute as well as genealogical societies from Quebec, Ontario and New England.

Again, thank you for your participation and your confidence.

Genealogically yours,

The Drouin team

Getting started guide

Welcome to Genealogy Quebec!

On the site, you will find over 47 million images and files that will allow you to retrace the history of your family in Quebec and the surrounding area. These documents are divided into several tools. In order to get the most out of the website, it is important to know which tool to refer to depending on the nature of your research.

Your first search on Genealogy Quebec

Whether you are looking for a particular individual or want to trace an entire line, your first search on the site will probably be on the LAFRANCE.

The LAFRANCE contains millions of births, marriages and deaths from Quebec, Ontario and Acadia from 1621 to the present day. It is with these records, and especially marriages, that you will be able to trace your ancestry.

Tracing a lineage on Genealogy Quebec

You will begin by finding a marriage belonging to the lineage on the LAFRANCE. If you are looking for your own lineage, your parents, grandparents or great-grandparents’ marriage is a good place to start.

In a marriage record, you will generally find the names of the parents of the spouses. By searching for the parents’ names in the LAFRANCE, you should be able to find their marriage and, as such, go back one generation in the line. Thus, you can trace an entire lineage through the chain of marriages of the individuals forming it.

The names of the groom’s parents are listed in the marriage on the left. Searching for them in the LAFRANCE allows us to find their marriage. By repeating the process, we can go back to the first immigrant of a lineage in Quebec.

You will find a guide detailing this process at this address.

Tip: Can’t find the marriage you are looking for? Try limiting your search queries to the last names of the spouses, or try different variations of the search such as the first name of the husband and the last name of the wife, or the last name of the husband and the first name of the wife. By doing so, you limit the risk of the record being excluded from the results of your search, which can occur when one of the search queries does not match the information contained in the document.

Advanced search and other types of documents

In addition to its collections of births, marriages and deaths, Genealogy Quebec offers a multitude of tools containing documents of all sorts.

For example, all obituaries, tombstones and memorial cards on the site can be found in the Obituary collection.

Genealogy Quebec also allows you to search for births, marriages and deaths that may not be listed in LAFRANCE by using the Connolly File, NBMDS, and BMD Cards collections.

You can find a detailed list of the tools and their content on the Tools page.

Tip: We recommend that you keep your searches vague, and refine them if necessary by adding one piece of information at a time. When the first or last name you are looking for is unusual, it is seldom necessary to add more information to a search.

The more detailed a search, the more likely it is to omit the result you are looking for, as all the search queries must match the document. For example, your first search could start with the last names of the spouses. If the number of results is too high, you may add an additional variable such as a first name or a year.

Additional documentation and tutorials

Genealogy Quebec user guide

Establishing your ancestry using Genealogy Quebec

Tool specific guides

Using the LAFRANCE
Using the Marriages and Deaths 1926-1997
Using the Obituary section
Using the Drouin Institute’s Great Collections
Using the Petit NBMDS tool
Using the Connolly File
Using the Drouin Family Genealogies
Using the Census tool
Using the Notarized documents tool
Using the Post cards tool
Using the Acadia – Families tool
Using the Drouin Collection Records
Using the Drouin Institute’s Miscellaneous Collections
Using the BMD cards
Using the City Directories

Research help

For questions regarding the use of the site, you can contact us at

For research questions, you can also call on our community on the Genealogy Quebec Forum*.

* Please note that you will need to create an account directly on the forum in order to participate.

Best of luck in your research and enjoy the website!

The omission of women in family trees – Part 2

(This is a 3 part article. Click to read: Part 1, Part 3)

In my previous article, I demonstrated that women are often forgotten in genealogical research: patrilineal lineages are prevalent (Jetté, 1991: 110 ; Drouin, 2015) and women’s presence is often  made invisible through the vocabulary used (Cousteau Serdongs, 2008 : 133). This problem is anchored in the patriarchal organization of our society as well as in the reproduction of sexism in genealogical practices. We will now detail the consequences of this omission and the reasons why this problem deserves our attention.

The omission of women in the construction of genealogical lineages is part of a system of erasure and devaluation of women’s accomplishments, as well as appropriation and control of their work and bodies. The consequences are very concrete. Francine Cousteau Serdongs points out that “the lack of knowledge of women’s history from women of one’s own lineage makes it impossible to identify with them [1](2008: 138). It might also make it more difficult to identify what shaped one’s family and the role gender played in its formation. Patriarchal values (such as imperatives imposed on women’s appearances or behaviors) are reproduced not only in the public space, but also in the private space as they are often transmitted to children from an early age.

Not knowing about the history of women in our family can prevent us from understanding generational traumas or gendered perspectives as an essential part of our familial dynamic and culture. A better understanding of those issues would certainly play an important role in the deconstruction of patriarchal schemes transmitted in the family and in the consolidation of solidarity between women (Cousteau Serdongs, 2008: 138).

Four generations in one picture, Wikimedia Commons.

The erasure of women in genealogy also tends to go hand in hand with their erasure in the great History. Francine Cousteau Serdongs gives many examples of that phenomenon (2008: 135-136). She mentions the women on the Grande recrue ship and the spouses of famous men, like Charles Le Moyne. This invisibility certainly plays a role in the devaluation of women’s roles and work that is still going on today in our society: if we can’t recognize women’s past realizations, why would we be able to recognize present ones?

Charles Le Moyne and Catherine Primot’s marriage. Source: Record 47196, LAFRANCE,

When we neglect mothers in genealogical research, we also devalue their role and we negate their implication in passing on the heritage, while men, because they pass on their last name, are an obvious part of one’s lineage (Cousteau Serdongs, 2008: 132). To quote Francine Cousteau Serdongs: “In the second generation, women are ignored, allegedly because they don’t have the same last name. Everything happens as if women didn’t have a lineage of their own but were simply helping their spouse have one” (2008: 133). Symbolically, this perpetuates a representation of women as “objects” with no agency (Cousteau Serdongs, 2008: 139-140), when in reality, women were playing an essential and active role in their family and their society.

It is true that women have historically been relegated to reproduction and the private sphere. They were kept out of the public space: the places where decisions were made and power was held. We can find traces of this private/public division since ancient Greece and despite the recent feminist progress, in some ways, it is still accurate today (see Bereni and Revillard, 2009). But even if women were locked up in the private sphere, it was not really a place for them to lead either. Patriarchal values continually dictated how women should act, even in private spaces. Medicalization of pregnancy and childbirth, the imperatives about how they should raise their children and clean their houses and the restrictions concerning abortion are all glaring examples of the way women’s work (including their work with children) is controlled and appropriated by men (see Cousteau Serdongs, 2008: 141-142 or Guillaumin, 1978).

Painting of a woman doing laundry

As if it wasn’t enough, the private sphere has also been devalued (see Robert, 2017). The fact that women have been prohibited from giving their last names to their children for a very long time and that even today, we rarely allow them to appear in familial histories contribute to this appropriation of women’s work by men as well as in the patriarchal control and devaluation of the private sphere.

These consequences are even more important for racialized women, who are at the intersection of multiple oppression systems such as racism and sexism. For indigenous women, the erasure of their role in familial history meant the loss of their “Indian status” when they married a non-indigenous man. Their children couldn’t get the status either. This often meant being deprived of certain political, cultural, and social rights and often losing access to their community (see Arnaud, 2014: 213-217). The C-31 law, voted in 1985, allowed women who lost their status because of their marriage to a non-indigenous person to get it back, but their children could only get a non-transmissible status, unlike the children of indigenous fathers. It would take 25 years for this disposition of the law to be changed (Arnaud, 2014: 216). These simple changes in the law were not even enough to give their communities back to these women and children: the communities were lacking space and money and received no support at all to welcome back these people. Women were perceived badly, as if they were upsetting the established order and forcing the hand of their communities: this issue has yet to be resolved.

Native women with their children, Vancouver, 1901, Wikimedia Commons

(Trigger warning: mention of rape in the next paragraph.)

This conception of women as carriers of men’s lineages also contributed to the imposition of chastity and fidelity standards which were used to ensure the identity of a child’s father (Knibiehler, 2012). Outside of Quebec, rape has been used as a weapon of war in many contexts. Women’s bodies were used to “tarnish genealogical lineages” and punish certain peoples. To quote Véronique Nahoum-Grappe, talking about ex-Yugoslavia “rape became, some sort of a victory on war’s front against the collective identity of the enemy, a victorious invasion of their reproductive space” (1996, 153). While, to my knowledge, events of this sort have not been documented during Quebec’s colonization, it is still very possible they happened. In 2014, Statistics Canada reported that indigenous women were three times more likely to be a victim of sexual assault than non-indigenous women (Boyce, 2014).

In conclusion, the omission of women in genealogy contributes to a patriarchal culture which erases and devalues women’s accomplishments as well as the oppression they live under within their societies and families. It also contributes to the appropriation and control of their work and bodies. It is urgent that we find ways to change this situation and work towards a society in which we can all be equals: my next article will detail how we can achieve this in the field of genealogy.

Audrey Pepin


[1] Quotes which were originally in French have been translated by the author of this article


Arnaud, Aurélie. (2014). Féminisme autochtone militant : quel féminisme pour quelle militance? Nouvelles pratiques sociales, vol. 27, no. 1, p.211-222.

Baillargeon, Denyse. Compte-rendu de Yvonne Knibiehler, La virginité féminine. Mythes, fantasmes, émancipation. Paris , Odile Jacob, 2012 221 p. Recherches féministes, vol. 25, no. 2, p.191-193.

Bereni, Laure et Revillard Anne. (2009). La dichotomie “Public-Privé» à l’épreuve des critiques féministes: de la théorie à l’action publique. Dans Genre et action publique : la frontière public-privé en questions, Muller, P. et Sénac-Slawinski, R (dir.). Paris : L’Harmattan. p. 27-55.

Boyce, Jillian. (2014). La victimisation chez les Autochtones au Canada, 2014. Statistiques Canada :

Cousteau Serdongs, Francine. (2008). Le Québec, paradis de la généalogie et « re-père » du patriarcat : où sont les féministes? De l’importance d’aborder la généalogie avec les outils de la réflexion féministe. Recherches féministes vol. 21, no. 1, p.131-147.

Drouin, Mathieu. (2015). Patrilinéaire, mitochondriale et agnatique : trois façons de faire votre généalogie! Histoire Canada. Récupéré de,-mitochondriale-et-agnatique-trois-facons-de-faire-votre-genealogie!

Guillaumin, Colette. (1978). Pratique du pouvoir et idée de nature : 1- L’appropriation des femmes. Questions féministes, no.2, p.58-74.

Jetté, René. (1991). Traité de Généalogie. Montréal : Les Presses de l’Université de Montréal, 716 p.

Knibiehler, Yvonne (2012). La virginité féminine. Mythes, fantasmes, émancipation. Paris : Odile Jacob, 221 p.

Nahoum-Grappe, Véronique (1996). Purifier le lien de filiation : Les viols systématiques en ex-Yougoslavie, 1991-1995. Esprit, no. 227 (12), p.150-163.

Robert, Camille. (2017). Toutes les femmes sont d’abord ménagères. Histoire d’un combat féministe pour la reconnaissance du travail ménager. Montréal : Éditions Somme toute, Coll. « économie politique », 178 p.

Win a yearly subscription to Genealogy Quebec, 1000 PRDH-IGD hits, or $200 to spend on our online boutique! – Second edition

The Drouin Institute, in collaboration with the Fédération québécoise des sociétés de généalogie, is happy to announce the second edition of its yearly contest, in which you can win a yearly subscription to Genealogy Quebec, 1000 PRDH-IGD hits, or $200 to spend on our online boutique. Participating is free, quick and easy!

How to participate

To enter the contest, simply create or log in to a Genealogy Quebec account between February 22nd 2021 and March 8th 2021, 3:00 PM EST. You do NOT need to purchase or have an active subscription on the account to be eligible for the contest.

If you do not have an account on Genealogy Quebec, create one (no credit card required). This should take you no more than a minute.

If you already own a Genealogy Quebec account, log in to it between February 22nd 2021 and March 8th 2021, 3:00 PM EST to ensure your participation in the draw. That’s all!

10 winners will be drawn at random on March 8th 2021 at 3:00 PM EST.

Make sure the email address associated with your Genealogy Quebec account is valid!
If you are drawn as a winner, you will be contacted via that email address. You will then have 48h to claim your prize. If necessary, a second draw will take place on March 10th at 4:00 PM EST in order to allocate unclaimed prizes to new winners.

The prizes

Yearly Genealogy Quebec subscription (Can$100 value) 

An annual subscription to Genealogy Quebec gives you access to the entire website and all its tools and collections for a period of 365 days.
Genealogy Quebec is a subscription-based research website regrouping all the collections and tools developed by the Drouin Institute over the course of its existence.

The website’s 15 tools and collections amount to over 47 million images and files covering all of Quebec as well as parts of the United States, Ontario and Acadia from 1621 to this day. Genealogy Quebec is by far the largest collection of Quebec genealogical and historical documents on the Web.
You will find more information about the website on the Drouin Institute blog.

1000 PRDH-IGD hits (Can$79.99 value)

PRDH-IGD is a directory of ALL vital events (baptisms, marriages and burials) recorded by the Catholic church in Quebec and French Canada from 1621 to 1849, as well as a genealogical dictionary of families. The PRDH-IGD database contains over 2,500,000 records.

What makes PRDH-IGD unique is how these records are connected to one another through genealogical links, which we refer to as Family Reconstructions. In addition to baptism, marriage and burial files, the PRDH-IGD contains individual and family files.

Any individual mentioned in a BMD record from the database is attributed an individual file. Similarly, any married couple mentioned in a BMD record gets their own family file.

PRDH-IGD subscriptions work by using “hits”.
A “hit” is used every time a record certificate, an individual file, a family file or a couple file is viewed. The original search that leads to the result list is free. You will find more information about the structure of the database at this address.

$200 to spend on our online boutique (Can$200 value)

The Drouin Institute online boutique includes all the books and CD-ROMs produced by the Drouin Institute, more than 4,000 items. It also offers directories and books from various historical and genealogical societies in Quebec, Ontario and the United States. If you choose this prize, you will receive a credit of $200 to spend on any item(s) in the boutique.


  1. To be eligible for the draw, you must own a Genealogy Quebec account that was either created or logged in to between February 22nd 2021 and March 8th 2021, 3:00 PM EST.
  2. This contest ends on March 8th 2021, 3:00 PM EST, at which time the winners will be chosen at random.
  3. The 10 winners will be contacted by email one hour after the draw (March 8th 2021, 4:00 PM EST), and will have until March 10th 2021, 4:00 PM EST to claim their prize. Once this date has passed, the unclaimed prizes will be subject to a new draw, and can no longer be claimed by the original winners.
  4. 48 hours after the initial draw, if necessary, a new draw will be done to award the unclaimed prizes to new winners. They will also have 48 hours to claim their prize. This process will be repeated until the 10 winners have been selected and have received their prizes.
  5. The 10 winners will be announced publicly on our Facebook page and via our newsletter once the 10 prizes have been distributed.
  6. Are excluded from this contest: Any employee or representative of the Drouin Genealogical Institute and the people with whom they are domiciled. Any institutional account (library, society, museum, school, etc.).
  7. Any litigation respecting the conduct or organization of a publicity contest may be submitted to the Régie des alcools, des courses et des jeux for a ruling. Any litigation respecting the awarding of a prize may be submitted to the board only for the purpose of helping the parties reach a settlement
  8. It is prohibited to create multiple Genealogy Quebec accounts in order to increase your chances of winning the draw. Individuals creating more than one account for this purpose will be disqualified.
  9. In order to select the 10 winners, a list will be produced from those eligible for the draw. Each individual in this list will be assigned a specific number (1, 2, 3, and so on). A random number generator will be used to generate a list of 10 numbers, and the individuals associated with these numbers will be the winners of the contest.
  10. A paid subscription to Genealogy Quebec, either current or previously active, is NOT necessary to participate in this contest.

If you have any questions or need help, please contact us at


Good luck!

The Drouin team

500,000 new obituaries on Genealogy Quebec!

Over 500,000 newspaper obituaries from Ontario, Quebec and the United States have been added to the Obituary Section, one of 15 collections available to Genealogy Quebec subscribers.

Here is a list of the sources (place or publication) of these new death notices:

  • Brockville, Ontario
  • Chesterville, Morrisburg and Winchester, Ontario (mostly 2003 to 2007)
  • Evening Citizen, Ottawa, Ontario (1949)
  • Journal de Montréal, Quebec
  • Journaux de Tampa Bay, Florida (2000s)
  • Valleyfield, Quebec (2000s)
  • La Nouvelle, Ontario (2001)
  • Le Carillon d’Hawkesbury, Ontario (1980s and 1990s)
  • Le Droit d’Ottawa, Ontario (21st century)
  • Le Quotidien de Chicoutimi, Quebec (1999 to 2006)
  • Le Reflet, Lachute, Quebec
  • Massena Observer, New York (2002 to 2005)
  • Northern Times, Kapuskasing, Ontario (1990s and 2000s)
  • Ogdensburg and Watertown, New York
  • Ottawa Citizen, Ontario (1990 to 2018)
  • Cornwall Standard Freeholder, Ontario (1904 to 2017)
  • Sudbury Voyageur, Ontario (1980s, 1990s and 2000s)
  • The Glengarry News, Ontario
  • The Vision, Prescott Russell County, Ontario
  • Women Dixon Institute, Cornwall, Ontario.
  • Ontario death notices from the Cayer Collection (1960 to 2010)

These death notices are indexed by the first and last name of the subject as well as the date of death. You may browse them with a subscription to Genealogy Quebec at this address.

Please note that the original document is missing for some obituaries. The missing images will be added as soon as possible.

The Obituary section

This section contains most of the obituaries, memorial cards and headstones available on Genealogy Quebec. It is divided in 4 sub-sections:

  • Internet obituaries, which contains over 2.5 million obituaries published online from 1999 to today.
  • Newspaper obituaries, which now contains 1,250,000 newspaper obituaries published between 1860 and today.
  • Tombstones, which contains more than 710,000 pictures of headstones from hundreds of cemeteries in Quebec and Ontario.
  • Memorial cards, which contains tens of thousands of memorial cards published between 1860 and today.

These collections are indexed and can be explored using a search engine.

You may browse these documents as well as tens of millions images and files of genealogical and historical relevance by subscribing to Genealogy Quebec.

To conclude, we would like to thank Généalogie et Archives St-Laurent and particularly Norbert Lussier, who is to thank for this incredible collection of obituaries.

Genealogically yours,

The Drouin team