What is Genealogy Quebec?

Genealogy Quebec is a subscription based research website regrouping all of the collections and tools developed by the Drouin Institute over the course of its existence.

The website’s 16 tools and collections total for over 44 million images and files covering all of Quebec as well as part of the United States, Ontario and Acadia from 1621 to this day. Genealogy Quebec is by far the largest collection of Quebec genealogical and historical documents on the Web.

A Genealogy Quebec subscription gives access to the following tools (click on the tool’s name for more details):

  • The LAFRANCE – Index with link to the original document of all of Quebec’s Catholic baptisms and burials  from 1621 to 1861, all of Quebec’s Catholic marriages from 1621 to 1917 as well as all of Quebec’s Protestant marriages from 1760 to 1849.
  • Marriages and Deaths 1926-1997 – Index with link to the original document of most of the marriages and deaths celebrated in Quebec between 1926 and 1997, all religious denominations included.
  • La section Nécrologe – Index and original document of:
    • 2.2 million Canadian death notices published online between 1999 and today
    • 620 000 obituaries published in Quebec newspapers between 1945 and 2015
    • 54 000 death cards published between 1860 and today
    • 611 000 tombstones from Quebec cemeteries
  • Drouin Institute’s Great Collections – Digitization of the following collections:
  • La Masculine (Men Series)
  • Fichier Histor
  • Fiches Acadiennes (Acadian Cards)
  • Dossiers généalogiques Drouin
  • Affinités généalogiques Drouin
  • Petit Drouin
  • Dictionnaire national des Canadiens-Français
  • La Féminine (Woman Series)
  • Prévôté de Québec
  • Fiches Franco-américaines (Franco-American Files)
  • Patrimoine Familial
  • Patrimoine National
  • Kardex Noir
  • Drouin Collection Records – All of Quebec’s parish registers from 1621 to 1940, as well as some from part of Ontario, New England and Acadia.
  • The Petit NBMDS – Baptism, marriage and burial files from the Laurentides, Outaouais, Bas-St-Laurent as well as the city of St-Hubert, from 1727 to 2011.
  • The Connolly File – 6 500 000 Quebec baptism, marriage and burial files covering from 1621 to 2015.
  • Drouin Institute’s Family Genealogies – 660 family genealogies produced by the Drouin Institute during the 20th century. Totals for over 230 000 pages.
  • Drouin Institute’s miscellaneous Collections – Collection of images, documents, books, pictures and directories of historical and genealogical relevance. Contains the PRDH books, the Jetté dictionary, some municipal archives, old newspapers and much more.
  • Acadia – Families – Family files, with link to the related original documents, pertaining to Acadians. Covers more than 70 000 Acadian families between the years 1621 and 1849.
  • Postcards – Contains 256 000 postcards sent or received over the course of the 20th century. Can be searched by sender or recipient.
  • Loiselle File – 1 044 434 marriage files covering all of Quebec as well as Fall River, MA and Manchester, NH from 1621 to the 1950s.
  • Census – Contains Quebec’s 1881 and 1901 censuses as well as Ontario’s 1881 census.
  • Notarized documents –  Contains some 83 000 notarized documents indexed by type of contract, cited names, name of the notary, date and location. Linked to a digitized version of the original document.
  • The Kardex – Marriage files covering from 1621 to 1950 for Quebec, Ontario as well as a small part of the United States.
  • City directories –  Contains a digitized version of Montreal (Lovell – 1843 to 2000) and Quebec city’s (Marcotte – 1822 to 1904)  directories.

Subscriptions

There are 3 types of subscriptions to GenealogyQuebec.com. All 3 subscriptions give access to the entire library of tools and databases; only the length of the subscriptions differ.

24h access – 5$

Monthly subscription – 13$

Yearly subscription – 100$

Prices are in Canadian dollar. Taxes will be applied for Canadian residents.

User guide – Getting familiar with the website

Genealogy Quebec is geared towards both seasoned genealogists and novices alike. While a certain familiarity with the website is necessary to make the most of its 16 tools and collections, the majority of our users are able to retrace their ancestors through our 3 main tools, which happen to be the more straightforward and easy to use.

We have separated the collections in 3 categories in order to guide our less experienced users towards the right tools:

  • Primary research tools

These are the most comprehensive and detailed tools available on the website: The LAFRANCE, the Marriages and Deaths 1926-1997 tool, and the Obituary section. For most of our subscribers, these 3 tools will be sufficient to find their ancestors and retrace their lineage. All of these tools are equipped with a search engine.

  • Secondary research tools

These are our complimentary research tools. They are used to address potential gaps in searches made using our primary research tools, or to add additional sources and information to these searches. All of these tools are equipped with a search engine.

  • Archival funds and databases

These tools use a file tree structure. They are not equipped with a search engine and must be browsed manually.

 

On the Tools page, users may get more information regarding each tool, such as the type of document, the period and region covered as well as a short tutorial, by clicking on “More information”.

You will find a series of articles about our numerous tools and collections on our blog.

Establishing your ancestry and finding your ancestors using Genealogy Quebec.

What your ancestors can tell you about your life expectancy

In the two previous articles of this series, “Quebec mortality rate under the French regime” and “The first French-Canadian centenarians in Quebec“, we successively mentioned the high mortality which afflicted our ancestors at all ages of life and the scarcity of people reaching extreme ages. Today, we will present some factors underlying these realities.

As a first step, we used the PRDH (What is the PRDH?) database to establish the list of native-born French-Canadians who reached the venerable age of 97 before 1850.

Deaths of Native-born French-Canadians at age 97 and older which occurred before 1850

SEX Year of birth Year of death Age at death
F 1648 1748 99 ans
F 1691 1789 97 ans
F 1701 1800 98 ans
F 1703 1800 97 ans
M 1703 1802 98 ans
F 1709 1806 97 ans
M 1714 1811 97 ans
F 1714 1813 99 ans
F 1722 1819 97 ans
F 1725 1832 107 ans
F 1726 1825 98 ans
F 1731 1828 97 ans
F 1731 1835 103 ans
F 1732 1829 97 ans
M 1734 1834 99 ans
F 1736 1834 98 ans
F 1736 1838 101 ans
F 1738 1847 108 ans
F 1740 1838 97 ans
F 1740 1839 98 ans
F 1741 1840 98 ans
M 1741 1840 98 ans
F 1741 1841 100 ans
F 1741 1841 99 ans
F 1742 1840 98 ans
M 1743 1842 98 ans
M 1743 1842 98 ans
M 1744 1841 97 ans
F 1744 1842 97 ans
F 1744 1843 99 ans
M 1745 1844 98 ans
Men: 8 ; Women: 23

Thirty-one people accomplished the feat, twenty-three women and eight men. Why such an imbalance in favor of women, when their life expectancy at age 25 is 2.5 years less than that of men?

It is that beyond the reproductive period, when mothers were at a significant risk of dying in childbirth, women have a survival advantage over their partners. We know that part of this benefit is biological because male mortality is higher than female mortality from the very beginning of life, including in-utero. This genetic difference is especially associated with a better resistance of women to biological aging, as well as an hormonal advantage.

Indeed, for example, estrogen facilitates the elimination of bad cholesterol and thus reduces the risk of heart problems; testosterone, on the other hand, is associated with violence and risk taking.

That said, regardless of sex, why do some individuals reach higher ages than their contemporaries? While we know that there is more to it than chance, no explanation of this reality is currently unanimous. The study of extreme cases of longevity does not really reveal much: the “little glasses of gin before dinner” and other recipes of the kind  have no serious basis.

It is tempting to believe, however, that some individuals initially have an advantage over others; Is it not said that the best chance of living old is to have parents and grandparents who have themselves reached an old age?

In this regard, I submit to you the extraordinary family of Nicolas Lizotte and Marie-Madeliene Miville-Deschênes, who married on May 3, 1724 in La Pocatière. Out of the 5 French Canadians who became centenarians before 1850, two of them were born of this couple, and one of their sisters is also part of our above-mentioned list, since she died at 98 years of age!

Nicolas Lizotte and Marie Madeleine Miville Deschesnes’ Family File sourced from PRDH-IGD.com

And it doesn’t stop there! The father, Nicolas Lizotte, died at 98 years old, making him the second oldest French Canadian male who died before 1850. I don’t know about you, but I wouldn’t mind being a Lizotte right now!

 

Bertrand Desjardins and François Desjardins

August 2018

How far back can you research your ancestry in Quebec?

Thanks to the systematic recording of baptisms, marriages and burials by the Catholic church, Quebec genealogists – novices and professionals alike – have access to a detailed outlook of their ancestors’ lives and family connections. Through these documents, researching your ancestry in Quebec is much easier than it is in other parts of the world. But how far back can you retrace your ancestors in Quebec?

In 1608, Samuel de Champlain establishes the city of Quebec along the shores of the St-Lawrence river. 8 years will pass until the city’s first vital events (baptisms, marriages and burials)  start being recorded.

Guillaume Couillard and Guillemette Hebert’s marriage, with none other than Samuel de Champlain as witness. Source: LAFRANCE, GenealogyQuebec.com

Nowadays, the oldest surviving records are from the City of Quebec for the year 1621.

Beginning of Quebec city’s register for the year 1621, sourced from the Drouin Collection Records available on GenealogyQuebec.com. The first 20 years were reconstructed from memory shortly after being lost to a fire in 1640.

This register, as well as those from every Quebec parish between the years 1621 and 1940, is available in the Drouin Collection Records with a subscription to GenealogyQuebec.com.

First immigrants

In a previous article, we explored the lasting impact that first immigrants had in the frequency and variation of last names in Quebec. In this context, the “first immigrant” expression refers to the first member of a given family who settled in a region. When trying to research your ancestry in Quebec, your goal is to establish a direct link between generations spanning from yourself to the first immigrant in your family line. This guide, which describes the process of establishing your ancestry using GenealogyQuebec.com, is a must read for anyone interested in researching their ancestors in the province.

When it comes to women, many of these first immigrants are known as “King’s Daughters” (Filles du Roi). The King’s Daughters were single women recruited by the King between 1663 and 1673 in order to populate New France. You will find more information about these fascinating women in this article.

Fichier origine

To go back further than the Quebec parish records, the best resource available is the “Fichier Origine“. The “Fichier Origine” is a free-access directory of civil and notarized records pertaining to the family origins of  immigrants – mostly French – established in Quebec between the early 1600s and 1865.

Antoine Roy dit Desjardins’ Fichier Origine file

It contains every individual whose birth or baptism record was traced back to their country of origin. As such, you can use the Fichier Origine to find information predating the arrival of your ancestors in the province.

In addition, you should know that the PRDH-IGD individual files often integrate information sourced from the Fichier Origine. For example, here is Antoine Roy dit Desjardins’ individual file, where the date and location of his baptism were taken from the Fichier Origine.

Antoine Roy dit Desjardins’ individual file sourced from the PRDH

To conclude, it cannot be overstated how lucky we are in Quebec to have access to such a wealth of historical documentation and information, which makes it possible to research our ancestry all the way back to the early 17th century. This is particularly evident if your genealogical research takes you to another region or country, where the information is unlikely to be as accessible and detailed.

Good luck with your research!

The King’s Daughters and the PRDH database

On the 22nd of September 1663 arrive the first of some 1000 King’s Daughters who will eventually establish themselves in Quebec between 1663 and 1673.

Their arrival was timely considering that in 1666, the province counted 719 single males between the ages of 16 and 40, compared to only 45 single women of the same ages. This disproportion was partly due to the fact that New-France was, in its early days, a colony based on the fur trade. Thus, the majority of the population was male.

But what exactly is a King’s Daughter?

“King’s Daughters” is used to refer to the single women recruited to emigrate to New-France between 1663 and 1673. What distinguished these women was the fact that the King himself took them under his wing, paying for their travel and settlement in the colony as well as providing them with a dowry in expectation of their impending marriage.

Often orphans and of modest origins, and frequently raised in urban settings, these women were not adapted to the harsh living conditions present in New France.

King’s Daughters list

The Programme de recherche en démographie historique has identified and indexed all of the King’s Daughters who married in Quebec. The complete list can be viewed at this address.

Using PRDH-IGD to learn more about the King’s Daughters

The PRDH database, accessible to the public via subscription, contains every Catholic individual who has lived in Quebec between 1621 and 1849, including of course the King’s Daughters. Through the PRDH’s unique database structure, it is possible to explore these women’s lives in greater detail.

You will find a more detailed explanation of the structure of the PRDH’s database in another article, but in short, you have to know that it contains three types of files:

Record Certificate –  It is a transcription of the relevant information contained in a baptism, marriage or burial record.

Individual File – It is a file centralizing all the information available on the individual

Family File – It is a file centralizing all the information and all the individuals pertaining to a family unit (parents and children)

You can use this structure to your advantage in order to learn about the King’s Daughters and, perhaps even more importantly, find out if you’re descendent from one.

Is there a King’s Daughter in your family tree?

The PRDH-IGD database can be used to confirm – or disprove – the presence of a King’s daughter in one’s ancestry.

Since the PRDH’s data stops in 1849, it is necessary to begin by retracing an ancestor to a date prior to the year 1849.

To do so, you may want to use a genealogical research website such as GenealogyQuebec.com, which will provide you with all the tools and resources necessary to trace back your ancestry.

The process of using the PRDH to explore your ancestry and more specifically discover if you are descendant from a King’s Daughter is rather simple. To demonstrate it, we will use Joseph Valade and Marie Lafond Lagrenade, married in montreal on the 20th of November 1820.

We begin with a search for Joseph Valade in the PRDH database, using the built in search engine.

This search allows us to find Joseph and Marie’s marriage record.

From this record, we can access to the couple’s family file.

From this point, we will go up the family tree in an attempt to find a marriage in the 1660s. If such a marriage is found, chances are it will belong to a King’s Daughter. To go back a generation,  click on the word “Family” which can be found under the husband’s parents’ names in every PRDH family file.

We finally make it to a couple married in the 1660s. Thanks to the list compiled by the PRDH, we can confirm that the bride is indeed a King’s Daughter.

Looking at her individual file only provides further confirmation, as we learn that she originates from La Rochelle, which is a common place of origin among King’s daughters.

And so, are you descendant from a King’s Daughter?

The first French-Canadian centenarians in Quebec

Lifespan is a topic that undoubtedly fascinates us. Cases of extreme longevity are regularly featured in the media, where individuals with extreme lifespans sometimes become symbols of national pride for their fellow citizens.

French-Canadiens are no exception. The case of Pierre Joubert, born in 1701 and erroneously believed to have lived to the ripe old age of 113 years old – as was featured in the Guinness Book of Records – was cited by Joseph-Charles Taché, a senior official in charge of Canada’s 1871 census, as an exemple of how French-Canadians formed “a population that, more than any other, perhaps, offers numerous examples of high longevity“.

Pierre Joubert’s baptism record, LAFRANCE, GenealogyQuebec.com

The problem is this topic, in an historical context, is prone to a lot of myths and exaggerations, so much so in fact that a majority of high longevity claims end up being proven false. The ages declared at the time of burial were particularly inaccurate, especially in the case of elderly individuals. Most people being illiterate, the documentation relative to a person’s birth wasn’t necessarily available or used, and the accuracy of the deceased’s age in the burial record was not considered important, being mostly an approximation.

Thankfully, the wonderful information compiled by the Programme de recherche en démographie historique (PRDH), publicly available on the PRDH-IGD.com website, allows us to mitigate the issue of inaccurate ages in burial records. By linking the birth and death dates available through baptism and burial records, it is possible to accurately determine an individual’s age at death.

The PRDH individual file allows us to determine a person’s age at death through their baptism and burial dates. Source: PRDH-IGD.com

Thanks to this compiled data, it is possible to establish clear trends in the shifting of the mortality rate over time, as well as track the apparition of the first centenarians in the province.

This table identifies the 10 individuals born in Quebec that have reached the age of 99 years old before 1850:

We can see that the first five French-Canadian centenarians were women. While Marie-Élisabeth Dechavigny, one of the very first inhabitants of the country, reached the age of 99 years old in 1748, it is only in 1825 that we see an individual reach the 100 year mark. Not only that, Marie-Louise Plante is believed to have lived to the very respectable age of 107 years old!

Marie Louise Plante’s burial record. Notice the inaccuracy of the age given in the record; 117 years old! LAFRANCE, GenealogyQuebec.com

François Parent is the oldest French-Canadian male listed in the PRDH database(1621-1849), dying at the age of 99 years old in 1834; no French-Canadian man reached the age of 100 years old before 1850, and as such, the first male French-Canadian centenarian still remains to be identified!

 

Bertrand et François Desjardins

April 2018

Genealogy Quebec and PRDH-IGD: the similarities, differences, and why you should subscribe to both

PRDH-IGD.com and GenealogyQuebec.com are genealogical research websites managed by the Drouin genealogical Institute.

Genealogy Quebec

Genealogy Quebec contains all of the genealogical data, collections and tools developed and acquired by the Drouin Institute over the past 100 years. You will find on the website over 44 million images and files distributed through 16 different tools and collections.

You will find more detailed information about these 16 tools here, and about the website in general at this address.

PRDH-IGD

The PRDH-IGD was created from a Université de Montréal database and is in constant evolution. You will find more information about the PRDH-IGD and its content in this article.

What are the differences between PRDH-IGD.com and GenealogyQuebec.com?

GenealogyQuebec.com PRDH-IGD.com
Period 1621 – 2018 1621 – 1849
Original documents Yes No
Family reconstructions No Yes
Type of documents BMS records, obituaries, death cards, tombstones, notarized documents, censuses, marriage repertories, parish records, postcards, city directories BMS records, Individual files, Couple files, Family files
Subscription type Time based (24h, 1 month, 1 year) Purchasable “hits”

What are the advantages of being subscribed to both websites, and how do the subscriptions interact?

Members who are subscribed to both GenealogyQuebec.com and the PRDH-IGD.com have access to the following exclusive features:

  • View the original document (parish register) on GenealogyQuebec.com from any PRDH-IGD.com certificate

    Click on the mention circled in red to go from a PRDH-IGD.com certificate (left) to the original document associated with it on GenealogyQuebec.com (right)
  • View the PRDH-IGD.com individual file of any individual named in a GenealogyQuebec.com‘s LAFRANCE certificate

    Click on the mention circled in red to go from a GenealogyQuebec.com certificate (left) to an individual file on PRDH-IGD.com (right)
  • 10% bonus PRDH-IGD hits free of charge on purchase for GenealogyQuebec.com subscribers
    During the purchasing process on PRDH-IGD.com, you will be given the option to enter your GenealogyQuebec.com username to receive 10% additional hits free of charge

    Note that a delay of a few days is to be expected before the reception of your bonus hits as we need to treat your demand manually.

Last names in Quebec: the influence of the pioneers

In a previous article, we learned that the ethnic French Canadian population is issued from a surprisingly small amount of immigrants.

The influence of this small number of immigrants can still be seen in the frequency and variation of last names in Quebec to this day.

For example, here is the list of pioneers that have the most married descendants before 1800 (this list was compiled using the PRDH database):

Name of the pioneer Amount of descendants

married before 1800

Zacharie Cloutier 10 850
Jean Guyon 9 674
Marin Boucher 8 502
Jacques Archambault 8 445
Noël Langlois 7 847
Abraham Martin 7 765
Pierre Miville 6 552
Pierre Desportes 6 515
Jean Roussin 4 730
Louis Hébert 4 592

This list does not contain some of the most common names used today, and also includes some names that are rarely seen nowadays. This is because while some of these ancestors had a lot of descendants, most of these descendants were female. Thus, their last names were not transmitted through the generations. We have compiled a second list limited to patronymic descendants of these pioneers, which in other words refers to descendants through the male side:

Name of the pioneer Number of

“patronymic” descendants

married before 1800

Jean Côté 567
Pierre Tremblay 564
Marin Boucher 482
Jean Dumais 481
Louis Houde 471
Jean Guyon 449
Jacques Archambault 423
Pierre Parent 418
Zacharie Cloutier 391
Guillaume Pelletier 389

Let’s now compare this list with the most common last names used in Quebec in 2006:

Rank Last name Percentage
1 Tremblay 1,076
2 Gagnon 0,790
3 Roy 0,753
4 Côté 0,692
5 Bouchard 0,530
6 Gauthier 0,522
7 Morin 0,498
8 Lavoie 0,459
9 Fortin 0,449
10 Gagné 0,448
11 Ouellet 0,447
12 Pelletier 0,435
13 Bélanger 0,429
14 Lévesque 0,412
15 Bergeron 0,399
16 Leblanc 0,367
17 Paquette 0,361
18 Girard 0,356
19 Simard 0,354
20 Boucher 0,341
21 Caron 0,321
22 Beaulieu 0,300
23 Cloutier 0,297
24 Dubé 0,296
25 Poirier 0,295

(Source: http://www.stat.gouv.qc.ca/statistiques/population-demographie/caracteristiques/noms_famille_1000.htm)

We find half of our previous list among the top 25 most common names in Quebec today. The impact of these few pioneers is undeniable, even to this day!

And your pioneer ancestor?

The PRDH offers a free tool that lists all the pioneers for a given last name. If you have a French Canadian name, you can enter it here and obtain a list of pioneers for that name, assuming they arrived in Quebec before 1766.

How to determine which pioneer is your ancestor

Oftentimes, a last name can be linked to several pioneers. For example, two Desjardins living in Quebec today will not necessarily share the same pioneer ancestor; one may descend from Antoine Roy dit Desjardins, who arrived in Quebec in the 1660s, and the other from Pierre Desjardins, who only arrives in Quebec in the 18th century.

The only way to determine which pioneer is your direct ancestor is to do your ascending genealogy, starting with your parents all the way back to your first ancestor on Quebec soil.

Genealogical research websites such as Genealogy Quebec and the PRDH are great tools to go up your family tree and ultimately find out the history behind your name.

Immigration from Old to New France

France under the Old Régime did not supply a great number of emigrants to its colonies across the Atlantic.

In fact, just 15 000 Frenchmen and Frenchwomen sailed for Canada in the seventeenth century, and two-thirds of them stayed in the colony for a short period and either returned to France or died in Canada without getting married. This was a very low number: the British Isles, with a population just over one-third of France’s, sent almost 380,000 immigrants to the New World over the same period.

In fact, France was at the time showing various symptoms of social discontent that should have justified a larger number of refugees fleeing to Canada, whose abundance of resources contrasted with the famine and unemployment among the poorest classes. Although France wasn’t really overpopulated, conditions there were favorable to emigration; these conditions, had they coincided with a real attraction of Canada, would have encouraged the departure of large contingents of settlers for the New World.

But few French people migrated, as Canada, a distant, wild, and dangerous country, had a poor reputation. On top of this, the authorities believed that the French population was not growing as quickly as it should be – and, in fact, that it was shrinking due to wars, plagues, and general misery.

In response to Intendant Talon, who had asked him to find the means to form a “grand and powerful state” in Canada, which would involve a massive wave of immigrants, Colbert said, in a sentence that was to mark the future of the country: “It would not be prudent [of the king] to depopulate his kingdom as he would have to do to populate Canada.”

And yet, even had departures been multiplied tenfold, the effects of emigration on the most populous country in Europe would have been imperceptible – and the fate of North America would probably have been quite different. Notwithstanding, reacting to the slow growth of the population, the King had women recruited between 1663 à 1673 to come to Canada. These women became known as «Les Filles du Roi» (the King’s daughters) and they can be found in virtually every family tree of French Canadians today.

In any case, the result of this small founding population was that the French-Canadian stock grew from a relatively small number of people, about 10,000 immigrants. If we consider the male immigrants, from whom family names were transmitted through the generations, the number is reduced to about 4,500 – the total number of immigrants who had at least one son who married.

These numbers were compiled from the PRDH database, which contains every single Catholic individual who lived in Quebec between 1621 and 1849. You will find more information on the PRDH in this article.

In our next article, we will explore the influence that this small number of immigrants had on the current French Canadian name diversity in Quebec.

Obituaries in Quebec

In Quebec, the practice of sharing the passing of an individual on a public platform started with the publication of obituaries in newspapers. In the 1960s, obituaries were not only shared in paper media but also on the radio.
Today, obituaries are still shared in the papers but are more easily accessed on the internet.

Finding an obituary on the internet

Numerous websites exist for the purpose of aggregating and sharing obituaries. These websites are indexed by search engines such as Google and Bing, which makes it extremely easy to find an obituary on the internet.

In most cases, a simple search for the deceased name in your favorite search engine will bring you to their obituary. It may be necessary to add “obituary” or “death notice” to the research for more common names. If the obituary is present on one or many of these aggregating websites, you will usually find it within the first few results of your research.

It is possible for an obituary to be available on a website without having been indexed by the search engines. If the notice you are looking for belongs to a recently deceased person, it may be a good idea to search for it on the aggregating websites directly, as search engines may take a few days to index it.

Note that these websites are usually limited to obituaries that have been published within the last few years. For older obituaries, you will have to look into specialized genealogy websites such as Genealogy Quebec.

Obituary collections on Genealogy Quebec

Obituary section – Tombstones, obituaries, death cards (subscription required)

GenealogyQuebec.com, a subscription based genealogical research website, offers a section dedicated to documents and pictures pertaining to the deceased.

Death Card sourced from the Obituary section of GenealogyQuebec.com

It contains newspaper obituaries (620 000 death notices published in Quebec newspapers between 1945 and 2015), tombstones (611 000 pictures from numerous cemeteries in Quebec) as well as death cards (54 000 death cards published between 1860 and today). You will find more information about this section here.

Online obituaries (Free)

GenealogyQuebec.com also offers a completely free, no subscription required section containing more than 2 100 000 obituaries from everywhere in Canada. These obituaries are dated from 1999 to today.

This section is equipped with a search engine as well as navigation categories. The search engine allows for a first name, last name and date search as well as a search for words contained in the notice.

The obituaries are sorted by province, city and publication to provide a more fluid navigation experience. You can browse this section at this address.

 

Books on Family Genealogy in Québec : 3 Essentials to Discover

Genealogy is a subject that attracts a great deal of interest in Québec, especially because of the particular status of the culture and history of its population. This topic has therefore been the subject of many works, adopting several angles, including the founding families, the origins of family names, the creation of the cities and villages of the province, and the role of the church in the development of the province. So there’s something for all tastes and all needs regarding genealogical research. Here are 3 books on family genealogy in Québec to add to your reading list.

Les grandes familles du Québec, by Louis-Guy Lemieux (Septentrion)

This work brings together thirty chronicles published by the journalist Louis-Guy Lemieux in Le Soleil between 2003 and 2005. Lemieux is passionate about history and genealogy, which is reflected in the text. While preparing and publishing the book, the chronicles were expanded with some additional information to present very comprehensive content.

The text addresses the most common surnames in the regions of Québec, Chaudière-Appalaches, Côte-Nord, Bas-Saint-Laurent, Charlevoix, and Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean. Several aspects are studied, including the evolution of the names and the history of the families and their descendants. The book is also particularly interesting because it features photos of the families and places cited in the text, making the reading even more informative and enjoyable.

Retracez vos ancêtres, by Marcel Fournier (Éditions de l’Homme)

This is a book that’s intended as a guide to accompany people in their genealogical searches for their ancestors, more specifically in Québec, North America, and Europe. The book presents working methods, tools, and sources to consult to make the search successful. It also presents a great deal of information regarding relations between Québec and France, which are important factors in the evolution of the local population, the ancestors, and their descendants.

Votre nom et son histoire: les noms de famille au Québec, by Roland Jacob (Éditions de l’Homme)

The study of surnames very often turns out to be a key element in genealogical research. It also says a lot about the history of a family and/or a specific place. In Québec, family names are quite varied, as are their respective etymologies. Some are evolved forms of the names of ancestors, while others come from the names of the cities and villages of origin (most often located in France).

Roland Jacob’s book, published in 2015, is therefore a very interesting tool for better understanding the origin of names and the different possible interpretations that make it possible to trace their evolution. At over 430 pages, this work fascinatingly discusses the roots and alterations of over 10,000 names.

Some other works to discover about genealogy in Québec :

La Diaspora Québécoise, by Jacques Noël (Éditions GID)

Although they don’t want to admit it, many people hope to see a famous name appear in their family tree. Who wouldn’t like to boast about having Liza Minnelli, Madonna, or Camilla Parker Bowles as a cousin? This book describes the Québécois roots that have wound up in the upper echelons of society while addressing the origins and vocations of several Québec families in the first centuries following colonization.

Dictionnaire généalogique des familles du Québec: des origines à 1730, by René Jetté

(Morin et associés)

This is an extremely detailed book that identifies the 16,400 families who lived in Québec between the early days of colonization and 1730. The book totals over 1200 pages and is presented in the form of a dictionary.

Where to Find Books About Québec Genealogy

To find or consult these books, we recommend seeing if they’re available to check out from libraries or genealogical societies. In Montréal, many books about genealogy are available to borrow or consult on site at the Grande Bibliothèque. Of course, it’s also possible to order them at a bookstore or to buy them online. Finally, thousands of works related to genealogy are available at the Drouin Genealogical Institute’s online shop at this address.