42 057 new headstones on Genealogy Quebec!

42 057 headstone were added to the Obituary section, one of the 15 tools available to Genealogy Quebec subscribers.

These new images bring the total number of tombstones available on the website to over 712 000. Here are the cemeteries that were added or completed in this update:

Ripon, comté Papineau, Québec
Rivière-du-Loup, Cim des Clarisses, comté Rivière-du-Loup, Québec
Sarsfield, Ontario
Scott, comté de Beauce, Québec
Shawinigan, St-Joseph, comté St-Maurice, Québec
Sherbrooke, cimetière de Saint-Michel, comté de Sherbrooke, Québec
St-Agapit, comté de Lotbinière, Québec
St-Alban, comté de Portneuf, Québec
St-Albert-de-Warwick, Comté Arthabaska, Québec
St-Alexandre, 2eme, comté Kamouraska, Québec
St-Anaclet-de-Lessard, comté Rimouski, Québec
St-Antonin, comté Kamouraska, Québec
St-Augustin de Desmaures, comté Portneuf, Québec
St-Augustin de Desmaures, comté Portneuf, Québec
St-Camille-de-Lellis, comté de Bellechasse, Québec
Ste-Agathe, comté de Lotbinière, Québec
Ste-Blandine, comté de Rimouski, Québec
Ste-Brigitte-de-Laval, comté de Montmorency, Québec
Ste-Clothilde-de-Horton, comté Arthabaska, Québec
Ste-Elisabeth-de-Warwick, comté Arthabaska, Québec
Ste-Hélène, comté de Bagot, Québec
St-Elzéar, comté Témiscouata, Québec
Ste-Marguerite-de-Lingwick, comté de Beauce, Québec
Ste-Perpétue, comté Nicolet, Québec
Ste-Rosalie, comté de Bagot, Québec
Ste-Rose de Poularies, comté Abitibi, Québec
St-Eugène, comté L’Islet, Québec
St-Félix-de-Valois, comté Joliette, Québec
St-Féréol-les-Neiges, comté Charlevoix, Québec
St-Frédéric, comté de Beauce, Québec
St-Gabriel-de-Valcartier (catholique), comté Québec, Québec
St-Georges, comté Champlain, Québec
St-Grégoire, comté de Montmorency, Québec
St-Jean-de-Dieu, comté Rivière-du-Loup, Québec
St-Jules, comté de Beauce, Québec
St-Louis de France, comté Champlain, Quebec
St-Luc, comté de Bellechasse, Québec
St-Philémon, comté Bellechasse, Québec
Sts-Anges, comté de Beauce, Québec
St-Tite, comté de Champlain, Québec
St-Tite-des-Caps, comté Charlevoix, Québec
Thetford Mines, St-Alphonse, comté de Mégantic, Québec
Thetford Mines, St-Maurice, comté de Mégantic, Québec
Thurso, comté Papineau, Québec
Tring-Jonction, comté de Beauce, Québec
Trois-Rivières, St-Michel, comté St-Maurice, Québec
Val-Bélair (St-Gérard-Magella), comté Québec, Québec
Vallée-Jonction, comté de Beauce, Québec

Headstones on Genealogy Quebec

Every headstone available on Genealogy Quebec has been indexed and can be consulted in the Obituary section. The collection can be searched by last name and by the text written on the stone.

Clicking on a result will bring up the picture of the stone.

The Obituary section also contains 3 additional collections:

  • Internet obituaries, which contains 2.6 million obituaries published online from 1999 to today.
  • Newspaper obituaries, which contains over 700 000 obituaries from newspapers published between 1860 and today.
  • Memorial cards, which contains tens of thousands of memorial cards published between 1860 and today.

All of these collections are indexed and can be explored using a search engine.

The Obituary section may be browsed with a subscription to Genealogy Quebec at this address.

What is Genealogy Quebec?

Genealogy Quebec is a subscription based research website regrouping all of the collections and tools developed by the Drouin Institute over the course of its existence.

The website’s 15 tools and collections total for over 46 million images and files covering all of Quebec as well as part of the United States, Ontario and Acadia from 1621 to this day. Genealogy Quebec is by far the largest collection of Quebec genealogical and historical documents on the Web.

 

 

Genealogically yours,

The Drouin team

Slavery as witnessed through New France’s parish registers

Slavery has allowed many societies to generate income at the expense of the exploited. While the history of slavery is no secret, few Canadians know that their ancestors benefited from this exploitation under the pretense of white superiority. As early as 1629, until its abolition in 1834, Natives and Black people were enslaved by the French and British colonists living in Quebec.

The first individual to be enslaved in New France is believed to be Olivier Le Jeune, an eight-year-old child from Madagascar who was taken into slavery by the Kirk brothers. Olivier Le Jeune died at about 30 years of age as a servant to Guillaume Couillard. The term servant, a translation of the French word domestique, is used here because the institution of slavery was not yet legal* in New France at the time. The document illustrated in Figure 1 is the only religious record available on this Malagasy child. Exhaustive studies of correspondence have made it possible to know his history and origin.

« Le 10 de may mourut a l’hopital Olivier Le Jeune domestique de Monseigneur Couillar après avoir reçu le sacrement de confession et communion par plusieurs fois il fut enterré au cemetiere de la paroisse le mesme jour. »

Which translates to:

“On the 10th of May died at the hospital Olivier Le Jeune servant of sir Couillar after receiving the sacrament of confession and communion he was buried at the cemetery of the parish the same day. “


Figure 1. Olivier Le Jeune: first Black slave that we know of in Quebec
Source: Record 68801, LAFRANCE, GenealogyQuebec.com

Olivier le Jeune is the first proof of slavery in the St. Lawrence Valley. Marcel Trudel, a pioneer in the study of slavery in Quebec, lists 4,185 Native and Black slaves in the Valley from the 17th to the 19th century (Trudel, 2004). These slaves were mainly acquired through alliances with First Nations, and were war prisoners from various enemy nations of the Native groups allied with the French colonists (Rushforth, 2012).

However, this number only counts the slaves that were found in written records. We believe there were approximately 10,000 Native slaves in New France between 1660 and 1760, but we only know the names of 1,200 of them (Rushforth, 2016).

The trace of slaves in the archives can be subtle and difficult to find. Few researchers have tackled the monumental task of identifying them. First, the term slave only started appearing in official documents around 1709, when Intendant Raudot normalized slavery on the territory of Quebec. (Trudel, 1990: xvi). However, priests remained reluctant to use the term. In the parish archives available on PRDH-IGD.com and GenealogyQuebec.com for the period, the word esclave (slave) is only listed 207 times. The term Panis was more commonly used to designate Native slaves. Among these is young Paul, slave of Paul Lecuyer, who resides in Montreal. His baptismal record illustrated in Figure 2 reads as follows:

« Ce jour d’huy dixseptième aoust mil sept cent quatre a esté baptisé paul sauvage de la nation des panis aagé environ de dix ans demeurant en la maison de paul lecuyer habitant de cette parroisse qui dit avoir achepte le dit sauvage pour la premierre fois desdits sauvages panis et aiant este pris esclaves par d’autres sauvages nommés les renards. Il la rachepte deulx et a le dit paul lecuyer este le parain dudit enfant baptisé et sa femme nommée francoise leconte en a este la maraine quy ont promis l’eléver et l’instruire en la foy catholique apostolicque et romaine aiant dessein de le re tenir a leur service tout autant de temps quil plaira a Dieu de disposer de luy a la mareinne signé et le parain a declaré ne seavoir escrire ny signer de ce enquis suivant l’ordonnance. »

Which translates to:

“Today, the 17th august 1704 has been baptized paul savage aged around 10 years old staying in the house of paul lecuyer living in this parish who claims having purchased said savage from the panis savages which had been enslaved by others savages named les renards. He was bought from them and said paul lecuyer is the godfather of the baptized child and his wife named francoise leconte is the godmother who have promised to raise him and instruct him in the faith of the apostolic and roman catholic church and to keep him under their service for as long as God wills. The godmother signed and the godfather has declared not knowing how to write or sign, as is inquired.”


Figure 2. Baptism record of Paul, slave of Paul Lecuyer
Source: Record 13744, LAFRANCE, GenealogyQuebec.com

This baptism record shows that young Paul is not mentioned as being the slave of Paul Lecuyer, but only as living in [his] house of and in their service. The priest, however, emphasizes that his godparents, as his owners, will raise him in the Catholic religion, without questioning the legitimacy of the presence of this young Native in the household. This demonstrates the normalization of the practice.

There are no other records mentioning this slave. We cannot find a burial record for this child so far, although his godparents promised to raise him within the Catholic faith; it appears that they did not offer him a burial on Catholic soil. Was he sold? Did he manage to escape his servile condition? These questions, unfortunately, remain unanswered.


Portrait of a Haitian woman, believed to have been the slave of the wife of the Quebec painter François Beaucourt. 1786, Wikimedia Commons

To identify slaves in the records, it is often necessary to use deduction based on the words and innuendos used by the priests. Even when PRDH-IGD identifies an individual as a slave, the word itself is generally not written explicitly in any of the records pertaining to the individual.

For example, let us look at the case of Marguerite Françoise, a young Panis girl baptized at the age of 14, whose baptism is illustrated in figure 3. The priest indicates that she is a savage of the Panis nation. That in and of itself is enough to deduce her slave status (Trudel, 1960). In addition, the last sentence of the baptism record mentions that it is signed by Louise Bizard wife of Mr. Dubuisson, captain of the troops and master of said savage. The mention of master clearly implies that Charles Dubuisson owns Marguerite Françoise and that she has no vocation other than serving Charles Dubuisson and his family.

« Le dixseptieme avril mil septcent dix huit a été baptisée par nous soussigné curé et official de quebec marguerite francoise sauvagesse de la nation des panis agée de quatorze à quinze ans son parain a été sieur charles dubuisson et la maraine dame marie magdelaine dubuisson qui on déclaré ne seavoir signer et en leur place a signé madame louise Bizard epouse de M. Dubuisson capitaine des troupes et maitre de ladite sauvagesse »

Which translates to:

“The 17th of april 1718 baptized by us undersigned, Marguerite Françoise, savage of the nation of Panis aged between fourteen and fifteen her godfather was sir charles dubuisson and her godmother was marie magdelaine dubuisson both of which declared not knowing how to sign and in their stead signed by Mrs. louise bizard wife of M. Dubuisson captain of the troops and master of the said savage”


Figure 3. Baptism record of Marguerite Françoise, slave of Charles Dubuisson.
Source: Record 64150, LAFRANCE, GenealogyQuebec.com

It is thanks to the use of these terms and innuendos that Marcel Trudel was able to form the Dictionnaire des esclaves et leurs propriétaires in 1990 (revised in 2004), listing 4,185 Black and indigenous slaves who lived in the St. Lawrence Valley. This research was carried out using parish records, but also using patient registers from various hospitals, censuses, notarial records, and other types of documents. Further research in the archives may reveal more and allow us to find the slaves missing from this initial work.

In the next articles of this series, we will discuss the place and living conditions of slaves who lived in Quebec under the French British colonist regimes. This research is based on the discoveries of Marcel Trudel and deepened by my personal research as well as that of my fellow researchers working on the subject.

Cathie-Anne Dupuis
Master’s student in demography and doctoral candidate in history at Université de Montréal and collaborator to the Programme de recherche en démographie historique (PRDH)

*Slavery did exist at that time, the practice of slavery being customary in nature. The standard which guarantees the property of slaves to owners is permitted with the ordinance of Raudot in 1709 (Gilles, 2008).
N.B The word “savage” is only quoted for historical representation, we condemn the use of this word in any other context.

GILLES, D. 2008. La norme esclavagiste, entre pratique coutumière et norme étatique : les esclaves panis et leur statut juridique au Canada (XVIIe – XVIIIe s.) Ottawa Law Review, vol. 40, No.1, p. 73 – 114
RUSHFORTH, B. 2012. Bonds of Alliance, Indigenous and Atlantic Slaveries in New France, Caroline du Nord, University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, 406 p.
RUSHFORTH, B. et KAHN, A. 2016. Native American Slaves in New France, Slate, History, Then, again. [en ligne] URL: http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/history/2016/01/an_interactive_record_of_native_american_slavery_in_new_france.html (page consultée le 27 octobre 2020)
TRUDEL, M. 1960. L’esclavage au Canada français, histoire et conditions de l’esclavage, Québec, Les Presses Universitaires Laval, 432 p.
TRUDEL, M. 1990. Dictionnaire des esclaves et de leurs propriétaires au Canada français, Québec, Éditions Hurtubise HMH ltée, 490 p.
TRUDEL, M. 2004. Deux siècles d’esclavage au Québec, Québec, Éditions Hurtubise HMH ltée, 405 p.

LAFRANCE update : New Protestant records on Genealogy Quebec

The addition of indexed parish records continues on the LAFRANCE, one of the 15 tools offered to Genealogy Quebec subscribers.

In this latest update, some 4208 Protestant records from Quebec have been added.

Quebec City (Protestant)

2730 Protestant baptism and burial records from Quebec City recorded between 1768 and 1800 were indexed and added to the LAFRANCE.


Source: Record 6200362, LAFRANCEGenealogyQuebec.com

Frelighsburg (Anglican Church, Holy Trinity)

As for the Anglican parish of Frelighsburg, located in the Eastern Townships, 1478 baptism and burial records were indexed and added.


Source: Record 6198244, LAFRANCEGenealogyQuebec.com

These records can be browsed in the LAFRANCE, which also contains ALL of Quebec’s Catholic marriages from 1621 to 1918, ALL of Quebec’s Catholic baptisms and burials from 1621 to 1861 as well as ALL of Quebec’s Protestant marriages from 1760 to 1849.
You will find more information about the LAFRANCE on the Drouin Institute’s blog.

Last Tuesday, the Drouin Institute was featured on Salut Bonjour, the most popular morning show in Quebec. If you missed it, you can view the segment by clicking on the image below (please note that it is in French).

 

Genealogically yours,

The Drouin team

26 392 parish register images added to Genealogy Quebec

26 392 parish register images have been added to the Drouin Collection Records, one of the 15 tools available to Genealogy Quebec subscribers.

Notre-Dame de Montréal (Parish registers 1621-1876)

4173 images from the register of Notre-Dame de Montréal dated between 1705 and 1792 were added to the Registre paroissiaux 1621-1876 collection, which contains the religious copy of Quebec’s parish registers for the period in question. The civil copy of these same registers is also available on Genealogy Quebec.

These new images may be browsed in the Drouin Collection Records (subscription required) under the Québec/Registres paroissiaux 1621-1876 folder.

73 Montreal parishes (Non-catholic registers 1760-1885)

22 219 images of Montreal area non-catholic parishes, dated from 1760 to 1885, were added to the Registres non-catholiques 1760-1885 collection.

Here are the parishes that were added through this update:

Abénakis (Anglican Church) Baie Missisquoi (Anglican Church)
Berthier (Anglican Church) Bolton (Methodist Church)
Bolton (Wesleyan and Methodist Church) Bolton and Potton (Methodist Church)
Bolton, Stukely and Ely (Methodist Church) Brome (Methodist Church)
Canada-East (Methodist Church) Chambly (Methodist Church)
Chambly (Saint Stephen Anglican Church) Clarenceville (Anglican Church)
Clarenceville (Methodist Church) Clarenceville (Wesleyan Methodist Congregation)
Clarenceville Circuit (Wesleyan Methodist Church) Cowansville (Methodist Church)
Dunham (Methodist Church) Dunham (Wesleyan Methodist Church)
Dunham (Wesleyan Methodist New Connexion Church) Dunham Circuit (Wesleyan Methodist Church)
Dunham Flat (Wesleyan Methodist Church) Farnham, canton (Anglican Church)
Frelighsburg (Anglican Church) Frelighsburg (Church of England)
Glen Sutton (Anglican Church) Granby, canton (Anglican Church)
Grande-Ligne (Baptist Church)) Hemmingford-Sherrington (Episcopal Church)
Henrysburg (Methodist Church) Henryville (Anglican Church)
Isle-aux-Noix (Episcopal Church) La Prairie (Presbyterian Church)
La Prairie (Saint Luke Anglican Church) L’Acadie (Anglican Church)
Lachine (Presbyterian St. Andrew’s Church) Lacolle (Episcopal Church)
Longueuil (Saint Mark’s Anglican Church) Mansonville (Church of England)
Milton et Roxton (Anglican Church) Montréal (Advent Christian Church)
Montréal (Christ Church Anglican) Montréal (Jewish German, Polish)
Montréal (Jewish, Spanish and Portuguese) Montréal (Lutheran St. John German Evangelical Church)
Montréal (Methodist Centenary Church, Pointe St. Charles ) Montréal (Methodist Dominion Square Church)
Montréal (Presbyterian Erskine Church) Montréal (Presbyterian Knox Church)
Montréal (Saint Jude Anglican Church) Montréal (Saint Luke Anglican Church)
Montréal (Saint Martin’s Anglican Church) Montréal (St John the Evangelist, Anglican Church)
Noyan (Anglican Church) Noyan et Foucault (Anglican Church)
Noyan et Foucault (Church of England) Odelltown (Methodist Wesleyan Church)
Philipsburg (Anglican Church) Potton (Anglican Church)
Potton (Church of England) Sabrevois (Episcopal Church)
Sorel (Christ Church) Sorel (St. Francis Congregational Church)
Sorel (William Henry Congregational Church) St-Armand (Anglican Church)
St-Armand (Episcopal Church) St-Armand-Est (Anglican Church)
St-Jean-sur-Richelieu (Anglican Church) St-Jean-sur-Richelieu (Anglican Garrison)
St-Jean-sur-Richelieu (Caldwell Congregation Episcopal Church) St-Jean-sur-Richelieu (Christieville Episcopal Church)
St-Jean-sur-Richelieu (Methodist Wesleyan Church) St-Rémi (Anglican Church)
Westmount (St-Mathias Anglican Church)

You may browse them with a subscription to Genealogy Quebec in the Drouin Collection Records under the Québec/Registres non-catholiques 1760-1885/ folder.

Quebec parish registers available in the Drouin Collection

The Drouin Collection Records is a collection of images of parish registers (baptisms, burials and marriages) as well as other documents of historical and genealogical significance. It covers all of Quebec and French Acadia as well as parts of Ontario, New Brunswick and the Northeastern United States.

This massive collection contains the entirety of Quebec’s civil registry from 1621 to the 1940s, which encompasses the vast majority of individuals who lived in the province during that period, making it an invaluable tool for genealogical research.

The parish registers of Quebec available in this collection are organized under different subsections.

Fonds Drouin

The Fonds Drouin folder contains all of Quebec’s parish registers, from their inception in 1621 all the way to the 1940s and even sometimes 1967, depending on the parish.

It is on this collection that the LAFRANCE index, another one of the multiple tools available to Genealogy Quebec subscribers, is based. The LAFRANCE index contains all of Quebec’s Catholic baptisms and burials between 1621 and 1861, all of Quebec’s Catholic marriages between 1621 and 1919, and all of Quebec’s Protestant marriages between 1760 and 1849.

Registres paroissiaux 1621-1876 (Parish registers 1621-1876)

The Registres paroissiaux 1621-1876 (Parish registers 1621-1876) folder contains the parish registers of Quebec from 1621 to 1876. However, these are not the same images as those available under the Fonds Drouin folder.

Historically, a parish priest in charge of recording baptisms, marriages and burials had to produce two copies of his register. One copy was kept at the church, and the other was sent to the court office, the so-called civil copy. The copy in the Fonds Drouin folder of the Drouin Collection Records is this civil copy, while the one in the Registres paroissiaux 1621-1876 (Parish registers 1621-1876) folder is the religious copy kept in the church.

Registres non-catholiques 1760-1885 (Non-catholic registers 1760-1885)

The Registres non-catholiques 1760-1885 folder contains the registers of various Quebec non-Catholic parishes from 1760 to 1885.

Most of these registers are also available in the Fonds Drouin folder, but the version available in Registres non-catholiques 1760-1885 was photographed more recently and may prove useful if the Fonds Drouin copy is of poor quality.

Registres paroissiaux du Fonds Létourneau (1820-2013) (Fonds Létourneau parish registers (1820-2013))

The Fonds Létourneau is a collection of parish registers photographed by the Société de Généalogie des Cantons-de-L’Est.

These registers cover the Sherbrooke diocese from the opening of the registers up to 2013.

Registres québécois, Actes découpés (Quebec registers, cropped records)

The Registres québécois, Actes découpés folder contains cropped records taken from various parish registers in Abitibi-Témiscamingue as well as the Gaspé Peninsula. What differentiates these records is that they are individually cropped from the parish register, often making them easier to browse and read.

Registres québécois, Série 4000 (1801-2008) (Série 4000 Quebec registers (1801-2008))

The Série 4000 contains parish registers from various regions in Quebec, mainly the Gaspé Peninsula, Mauricie, the Laurentians, the Eastern Townships and Outaouais. These registers cover from the beginning of the 19th century up to 2008.

You may browse all of these parish registers and much more by subscribing to Genealogy Quebec today!

Genealogically yours,

The Drouin team

Ontario newspaper and 5600 wedding photos added to Genealogy Quebec

5600 wedding photos as well as the Chesterville Record, a newspaper from Ontario, were recently added to Genealogy Quebec.

The Chesterville Record

The Chersterville Record is an English-language newspaper from Ontario digitized with the collaboration of Généalogie et archives Saint-Laurent inc., a genealogical society located in Cornwall, Ontario.
This collection spans from 1894 to 1939 and also includes the year 1978.

      

These 11 893 new images can be browsed in the Drouin Institute’s Miscellaneous Collections, one of 15 tools available to Genealogy Quebec subscribers, under the “23 – Journaux Anciens” folder. This new publication adds to the many newspapers already available in the section:

  • Commercial Gazette (Montréal)
  • Daily Witness (Montréal)
  • La Chronique de la Vallée du St-Maurice
  • La Minerve
  • La Semaine (Québec)
  • La Tribune Canadienne (Montréal)
  • La Vie Illustrée (Montréal)
  • L’Action Canadienne
  • L’Avant-Garde
  • L’Avenir de Quebec
  • Le Canada-Français
  • Le Carillon (Québec)
  • Le Castor (Québec)
  • Le Charivari (Québec)
  • Le National (Montréal)
  • Le Progrès du Golfe
  • Le Semeur Canadien (Montréal)
  • Le Trésor des Familles (Québec)
  • L’Obligation (Montréal)
  • L’Opinion Publique (Montréal)
  • L’Union de Woonsocket
  • L’Union des Cantons de l’Est (Arthabaskaville)
  • Midi-Presse (Montreal)
  • Paris-Canada (Montréal)
  • The Advertiser
  • The Canadian Jewish Review
  • The Dominion Illustrated News (Montréal)
  • The Inquirer (Trois-Rivières)
  • The Quebec Gazette
  • Écho d’Iberville
  • La Voix du Peuple
  • L’Alliance
  • L’Essor
  • Le Protectionniste
  • Le Courrier de St-Jean

Wedding photos

5600 wedding photos, mainly from Ontario and Quebec, have been added to the Drouin Miscellaneous Collections under the folder “26 – Généalogie Saint-Laurent – Cornwall, Ontario“. These photos are indexed under the surname and the first name of the groom.

    

The Drouin Miscellaneous Collections are also home to a variety of historical documents and archives such as letters, parish archives, postcards, biographies, judicial and municipal archives, and much more!

    

It is a must-see section of the website for those with a passion for history. You may browse it with a subscription to Genealogy Quebec at this address.

Genealogically yours,

The Drouin team

56 376 new headstones on Genealogy Quebec!

Some 56 376 headstone pictures were added to the Obituary section, one of the 15 tools available to Genealogy Quebec subscribers.

These new images bring the total number of tombstones available on the website to over 668 000. Here are the cemeteries that were added or completed in this update:

Beauport, comté Québec, Québec
Broughton-Ouest, St-Pierre, comté de Beauce, Québec
Charette, comté St-Maurice, Québec
Clarence Creek, Ontario
Grand-Mère, cimetière St-Louis, comté de Champlain, Québec
Leeds, cimetière St-Jacques, comté de Mégantic, Québec
Lowell, catholique, Mass, USA
Beauport, Soeurs de la Charité, comté Québec, Québec
Beauport, St-Mathieu-de-Villeneuve, comté Québec, Québec
Beaupré, comté Charlevoix, Québec
Donnacona, comté Portneuf, Québec
Drummondville, rues Marchand, St-Joseph, comté Drummond, Québec
East Broughton, 1er cimetière, comté de Beauce, Québec
East Broughton, 2e cimetière, comté de Beauce, Québec
Girardville, comté Lac-St-Jean, Québec
Hervey-Jonction, comté Portneuf, Québec
Laval, Notre-Dame de l’Espérence, comté Laval, Québec
Les Écureuils, comté Portneuf, Québec
Manseau, comté Nicolet, Québec
Moonbeam, Saskatchewan
Notre-Dame-de-Beauport, comté Québec, Québec
Notre-Dame-de-Portneuf, comté Portneuf, Québec
Notre-Dame-du-Portage, comté Kamouraska, Québec
Ottawa, cimetière Notre-Dame, Ontario
Packington, St-Benoit, comté Témiscouata, Québec
Pont-Rouge, comté Portneuf, Québec
Québec (Boischatel), comté Québec, Québec
Québec, Belmont, comté Québec, Québec
Pointe-au-Père, comté Rimouski, Québec
Pont-Rouge, 2eme cimetière, comté Portneuf, Québec
Pont-Rouge, comté Portneuf, Québec
Québec, La Souvenance, comté Québec, Québec
Québec, St-Sauveur, comté Québec, Québec
Québec, Courville, comté Québec, Québec
Québec, Hôpital Général, comté Québec, Québec
Québec, Notre-Dame-de-Foy, comté Québec, Québec
Québec, Orsainville, comté Québec, Québec
Québec, Sillery, comté Québec, Québec
Québec, Soeurs Ste-Jeanne-d’Arc, comté Québec
Québec, St-Émile, comté Québec, Québec
Québec, Ste-Thérèse-de-Lisieux, comté Québec, Québec

Headstones on Genealogy Quebec

Every headstone available on Genealogy Quebec has been indexed and can be consulted in the Obituary section. The collection can be searched by last name and by the text written on the stone.

Click on the result you are interested in to view a picture of the stone.

The Obituary section also contains 3 other collections:

  • Internet obituaries, which contains obituaries published online from 1999 to today.
  • Newspaper obituaries, which contains obituaries from newspapers published between 1860 and today.
  • Memorial cards, which contains tens of thousands of memorial cards published between 1860 and today.

All of these collections are indexed and can be explored using a search engine.

The Obituary section may be browsed with a subscription to Genealogy Quebec at this address.

What is Genealogy Quebec?

Genealogy Quebec is a subscription based research website regrouping all of the collections and tools developed by the Drouin Institute over the course of its existence.

The website’s 15 tools and collections total for over 45 million images and files covering all of Quebec as well as part of the United States, Ontario and Acadia from 1621 to this day. Genealogy Quebec is by far the largest collection of Quebec genealogical and historical documents on the Web.

Genealogically yours,

The Drouin team

35 000 new Acadian family files on Genealogy Quebec

A major update was applied to the Acadia – Families tool, one of the 15 collections available to Genealogy Quebec subscribers.

Around 35 000 family files were added to the tool through this update.

What is the Acadia – Families tool?

The Acadia – Families tool contains 130 342 family files based on original Acadian records.

Currently, these records span from the beginning of the Acadian colony to the end of 1849. In addition, 30 locations covering from 1850 to the end of the available registers are included. A list of these locations as well as a more detailed overview of the collection are available on the Drouin Institute’s blog.

The files compile the information available about an individual. They generally contain the names and first names of the parents, the first name of the child, the dates of birth and/or baptism, death and/or burial, and marriage (a total of 239 517 dates), as well as the parish. The files usually provide links to the original documents of the baptisms, marriages and burials mentioned.


Family file from the Acadia – Families tool. Click on the blue links to view the original documents.


Original document from Acadia – Families

The Acadia – Families tool can be browsed with a subscription to Genealogy Quebec at this address.

 

Genealogy Quebec Forum

Do you have questions about GenealogyQuebec.comPRDH-IGD.com or genealogy in general? Do you want to share your research findings with other genealogy enthusiasts?


Look no further! Subscribe to the brand new Genealogy Quebec forum today. It is free and open to all!

Genealogically yours,

The Drouin team

Witnessing history through parish registers: The 1885 smallpox epidemic

Smallpox was a highly contagious and often fatal disease which was a real plague in several regions of the world until its eradication in 1979. Its impact on Quebec during its colonial period was discussed in the first part of this article.


An 1802 cartoon of the early controversy surrounding Edward Jenner’s vaccination theory, showing using his cowpox-derived smallpox vaccine causing cattle to emerge from patients. Wikimedia Commons.

Smallpox struck Quebec for the last time in 1885. Almost a century had passed since the conception of the smallpox vaccine, yet vaccination was not widespread among French Canadians despite efforts by governments to encourage or even impose it.

In March 1885, a conductor of the Grand Trunk Railway brought smallpox to Montreal. His bedsheets then infected Pélagie Robichaud, a worker in the laundry room of the hospital where the man was receiving treatment. She was the first to victim of the 1885 smallpox epidemic. Her burial indicates that she passed away in Montreal on April 2nd.


Source: Image d1p_1101a1007.JPG, Drouin Collection Records (Québec/Fonds Drouin/Mtl/Catholique/Montréal (Basilique Notre-Dame)/1880/1885/Sépultures/), GenealogyQuebec.com

Following the contagion of Pélagie Robichaud, the disease killed several thousand people in 1885 and 1886, with Montreal at the center of the epidemic. Vaccination was imposed on Montrealers, not without resistance: several anti-vaccination riots broke out among the suspicious population.

The anti-vaccine movement had influential figures on its side. Joseph Émery-Coderre, an eminent doctor campaigning against compulsory vaccination, is a notable example. The Catholic Church was called in to convince the reluctant population. Édouard-Charles Fabre, Bishop of Montreal at the time, played a decisive role in garnering public support for the vaccination campaign; he would order the priests of his diocese to do the same.

This crisis arose in a complex political context: it broke out at the same time as the North West rebellion, during which the Métis of the Prairies revolted against the Canadian government. The Métis of Western Canada, who are primarily descended from French Canadians and First Nations, were mostly French-speaking and Catholic, and their rebellion enjoyed considerable support in Quebec.

Its failure, which notably resulted in the hanging of Louis Riel, considerably exacerbated tensions between Francophones and Anglophones in Quebec as well as the distrust of French Canadians towards government directives. John A. Macdonald, then Prime Minister of Canada, is credited with the phrase “[Riel] shall hang though every dog in Quebec bark in his favour.”


Louis Riel and the Métis provisional government. Wikimedia Commons.

French and English-language newspapers were passing the buck, on the one hand evoking the hysteria of English Canadians and on the other hand the uncleanliness of French Canadians. On September 12th, 1885, L’Union des Cantons-de-l’Est, based in Victoriaville, published an article on the alleged ravages of smallpox. Here is the introduction:

” If we were to believe the American newspapers published in English, we would think that smallpox is decimating the good city of Montreal. Practically speaking, our commercial metropolis is currently in quarantine at this time! Many people are suffering, and many more will suffer from this state of affairs. And whose fault is it? It is your city’s press, good people of Montreal. It spread everywhere that smallpox was eating away at you, that the plague was taking on horrible proportions, that the whole city was going to have to go through it. “

Thus, this article accuses English-language newspapers of greatly exaggerating the proportions of the smallpox epidemic, especially since English Canadians seemed to attribute the gravity of the situation to French Canadians:

” Now, as there needs to be a bête noire everywhere, it was imagined that French Canadians must be the originators and propagators of the epidemic. The Montreal Herald accused our conationals of being ignorant, dirty, filthy, etc. This is a big slander! Our French Canadian women are generally clean, industrious, spending three quarters of their time washing and cleaning in their homes. “

However, this article does not reject science and recognizes the shortcomings of the French-Canadian population when it comes to hygiene.

” The ravages of indifference to reading and science are infinitely more to be feared than those of smallpox in Montreal, whose victims do not exceed a few dozen. “

      

Source: Image 00080.jpg, Drouin Institute’s Miscellaneous Collections (23 – Journaux anciens/L’Union des Cantons de l’Est (Arthabaskaville)/1867-1887/1885/), GenealogyQuebec.com

Also in September 1885, however, remedies and recipes for smallpox were published in L’Union des Cantons-de-l’Est, perpetuating the idea that vaccination was superfluous at best, if not dangerous.

” I remember reading in the (Journal de l’Instruction publique) that the Sarracenia root was an antidote against this disease. Quickly I set to work, I sent my altar boy, a young Montagnais, to fetch me the plant in question, we infused the root, scarcely had they taken two or three potions that they felt sensibly better, the fever disappeared, the pustules dried out, they were out of danger, they did not even bear the marks of smallpox. ”

” When Jenner discovered the cowpox vaccine in England, the world of science wanted to strike lightning upon his head; but when the most learned medical school in the universe, that of Paris, published this recipe for smallpox, it passed without a hitch. It is as infallible as fate and wins in all cases.
Zinc sulphate, 1 grain ; digitalis, 1 grain ; 1 1/2 teaspoon of sugar. Mix with two tablespoons of water. When the mixture is perfect add four ounces of water. Take a teaspoonful every hour. The disease will go away within twelve hours. “

              
Source: Images 00078.jpg and 00084.jpg, Drouin Institute’s Miscellaneous Collections (23 – Journaux anciens/L’Union des Cantons de l’Est (Arthabaskaville)/1867-1887/1885/), GenealogyQuebec.com

The 1885 epidemic was the last major health crisis related to smallpox in the Western world, just under a century before the complete eradication of the sickness thanks to vaccination. 1979 marked the end of the virus responsible for one of the deadliest contagious diseases in human history, of which only a few samples remain to this day for research purposes.

Marielle Côté-Gendreau
Student and Université de Montréal’s Programme de recherche en démographie historique (PRDH) collaborator.

LAFRANCE update: New Acadian records on Genealogy Quebec

The indexing of parish registers from Ontario and Acadia continues on Genealogy Quebec, with some 6071 baptism and burial records added to the LAFRANCE this month.


Marriage record as presented on GenealogyQuebec.com’s LAFRANCE

The two main parishes included in this update are Tracadie, New Brunswick, and Arichat, Nova Scotia. The added records span from 1798 to 1861 for Tracadie, and 1839 to 1861 for Arichat.

These records can be browsed in the LAFRANCE, which also contains ALL of Quebec’s Catholic marriages from 1621 to 1918, ALL of Quebec’s Catholic baptisms and burials from 1621 to 1861 as well as ALL of Quebec’s Protestant marriages from 1760 to 1849.
You will find more information about the LAFRANCE on the Drouin Institute’s blog.

Genealogically yours,

The Drouin team

The Genealogy Quebec Forum

The Drouin Genealogical Institute is happy to announce the opening of its official forum! Come share your passion for genealogy and history with members of our team and our community!

This forum is accessible to everyone, whether you are a member of Genealogy Quebec and PRDH-IGD or not.

The sections

The forum is divided into 3 sections: “Help and technical support”, “Genealogy questions” and “Share your research and discoveries”.

Help and technical support

This section is used to submit any question or problem related to the use of PRDH-IGD.com and GenealogyQuebec.com. You may ask questions about the subscription process, the content of the databases, research tips, or anything else related to the sites. Refer to the “Genealogy questions” section for questions that are not directly related to the websites.

Genealogy questions

This section is dedicated to any question related to genealogy and history research. Refer to the “Help and technical support” section for questions specific to PRDH-IGD and Genealogy Quebec.

Share your research and discoveries

As the name suggests, this section is used to share the results of your research as well as your most interesting genealogical and historical findings. Share your successes and failures, your most complex cases and your most unusual stories!

Join the discussion

Please note that your PRDH-IGD.com and GenealogyQuebec.com login information cannot be used on the forum. To participate, you will need to register a new account on the forum.

The forum is in constant development! Please feel free to share your suggestions and comments with us, so that we can provide you with the best possible discussion platform.

 

Genealogically yours,

The Drouin team