The NBMDS tool

The NBMDS tool is one of 16 tools available to Genealogy Quebec subscribers.

It is an index of Catholic and Protestant baptism, marriage and burial records, most of which are from the province of Quebec. The tool contains over 1.2 million records and is divided in 3 sections; baptisms, marriages, burials.

The regions covered by the tool are:

  • The Bas-St-Laurent region (1727 to 2011)
  • The Laurentides region (1727 to 2011)
  • The Outaouais region (1727 to 2011)
  • The Mauricie region, specifically the Shawinigan region (1846 to 1999)
  • The city of St-Hubert (1727 to 2011)

The marriage section also contains some 120 000 marriage records from the United States and Ontario, dated from between the 17th century and the end of the 20th century.

Using the NBMDS tool

The NBMDS tool is equipped with a search engine specific to each type of record it contains, namely baptisms, marriages and burials. The search fields differ depending on the type of record searched, but the basic name, surname, date and location fields are always present.

Baptism search engine

To begin your search, fill one or multiple search fields and press on “Search”, which will prompt a list of results.

Results for a search for “Joseph Tremblay”

The records are presented as files which contain all of the relevant information extracted from the original record.

Automatic search buttons

Every record in the NBMDS tool is equipped with one or several automatic search buttons. These buttons allow you to automatically trigger searches for various records related to the one you are viewing. In the baptism section, the automatic search button allows you to search for the parents’ marriage record.

NBMDS baptism file

In the marriage section, there are 6 different buttons per file. These buttons will trigger automatic searches for the parents, the baptism records or the burial records of the subjects.

NBMDS marriage file

Finally, the burial section will let you automatically search for the subject’s own marriage, or that of their parents.

NBMDS burial file

Careful! If an automatic search does not yield any results, do not assume that the desired record does not exist in the NBMDS tool. For example, it is very possible that an individual’s name may be slightly different from one record to the next, or that the Priest committed a mistake when recording the original event. It is strongly recommended to do a manual search if the automatic search produces no results, and to try multiple combinations of first and last names if the initial searches are unsuccessful.

Tips and best practices

The NBMDS tool allows searching for many variables, which makes it tempting to fill as many fields as possible when using the tool. However, we recommend that you keep your initial search as vague as possible, and clarify it as needed by adding one piece of information at a time. When the name or surname searched is rare or unusual, it is rarely necessary to add more information to the search.

The more precise a search is, the more likely it is to omit the record you are looking for, as every single field must match.
For example, an initial search could start with the surname and first name of the subject. If the number of results is too high, a variable such as the year of the event or the surname of another individual mentioned in the record can be added. Often, the simple fact of adding a third variable is enough to narrow the search down sufficiently.

As with many of Genealogy Quebec’s tools, you may use the “%” character as a joker to search for a partial name. For example, a search for “Lar%” will include any name beginning in “Lar”, such as Larrivière, Larramée, Larue, etc. This allows you to keep your search more generic and is particularly useful for surnames that tend to have many different spellings.

Finding the original record using the information provided by the NBMDS tool

You may have noticed that the NBMDS does not provide a link to the original document from which its files have been created. However, as a Genealogy Quebec subscriber, you have access to the entirety of Quebec’s Civil Registration up to the 1940s through the Drouin Collection Records.
You can find most of the original documents associated with the NBMDS records through the date and parish name or city name given in each record.

We will use Adelaide Boucher’s baptism file as an example.

Adelaide Boucher’s baptism file in the NBMDS tool

The file tells us that Adelaide was baptized on the 14th of October in the St-Eustache parish. To find the original record, we will have to browse the St-Eustache parish register in the Drouin Collection Record.

Quebec folder in the Drouin Collection Records

Once in the Drouin Collection Records, you will notice that the various registers are organized in a file tree structure. We will begin by opening the Quebec folder, as the baptism we are interested in was recorded in the province.

Inside the Quebec folder, we have to find the right parish folder. Some parishes are listed under the name of the city they are located in, while others will be listed under the name of the parish itself. In the case of St-Eustache’s parishes, they are listed under the city’s name.

St-Eustache parish register for 1818

Browsing the St-Eustache folder in the Drouin Collection Records, we notice that it contains several sub-folders associated with different parishes. Since we have no way of knowing which parish would contain the baptism record, we will have to browse one folder at a time.

Once inside the correct folder, we must navigate to the right year, which will give us access to all the images associated with that register for that specific year. It is important to know that in general, the images are listed in chronological order.
This means that the first image in the folder will contain the first events recorded in that year, which are usually the ones from January. Similarly, the last few images in the folder will be those from the end of the year.

Since Adélaide’s baptism was celebrated in October, it’s likely that her baptism will be found among the last few images. You may have to sift through a few pages before finding the right one, but by starting towards the end, you will save yourself some time.

Original document associated with Adélaide Boucher’s baptism

And with that, we were able to find the original document using the information given to us in an NBMDS file.

Useful links

Use the NBMDS tool (subscription required)
The Drouin Collection Records (subscription required)
Subscribe to Genealogy Quebec
What is Genealogy Quebec?

Marriages and Deaths 1926-1997

Marriages and Deaths 1926-1997 is one of 16 tools available to Genealogy Quebec subscribers.

It is a detailed index of marriage and death forms recorded in Quebec between 1926 and 1997,  all religious denominations included. In total, this collection contains 5 286 169 forms. The original document can be viewed for the marriages.

Marriage form taken from the Marriages and Deaths 1926-1997 tool

Using the Marriages and Deaths 1926-1997 tool

The Marriages and Deaths 1926-1997 tool is equipped with 2 search engines; one for the marriages, and one for the deaths.

To start your search, you must fill one or more search fields and click on the “Search” button, which will produce a list of results related to your query.

List of results produced by a search for Burton as the husband’s surname, and Taylor as the bride’s surname

To view the original form associated with a file, simply click anywhere inside the file. Note that the original document is available for the marriages but not the deaths.

Richard Burton and Liz Taylor’s marriage

Tips and best practices

The Marriages and Deaths 1926-1997’s search engine allows searching for many variables, which makes it tempting to fill as many fields as possible when using the tool. However, we recommend that you keep your initial search as vague as possible, and clarify it as needed by adding one piece of information at a time. When the name or surname searched is rare or unusual, it is rarely necessary to add more information to the search.

The more precise a search is, the more likely it is to omit the record you are looking for, as every single field must match.
For example, an initial search could start with the surname and first name of the subject. If the number of results is too high, a variable such as the year of the event or the surname of another individual mentioned in the record can be added. Often, simply adding a third variable is enough to narrow the search down sufficiently.

Additionally, it is important to note that the forms have changed several times over the decades. Certain fields only existed in one version of the form. As such, it is recommended to stick to the primary search fields (names and dates) unless certain that the form you are looking for contains the field and the information in question.

As with many of Genealogy Quebec’s tools, you may use the “%” character as a joker to search for a partial name. For example, a search for “Lar%” will include any name beginning in “Lar”, such as Larrivière, Larramée, Larue, etc. This allows you to keep your search more generic and is particularly useful for surnames that tend to have many different spellings.

Finding the original church record using the information provided by the Marriages and Deaths 1926-1997 tool

Since the Marriages and Deaths 1926-1997 forms are based on vital events, there will often exist a parish record associated with the event. It can be interesting to seek out the church record associated with an event, particularly in the case of deaths, as the original form isn’t available in the tool.

As a Genealogy Quebec subscriber, you have access to the entirety of Quebec’s Parish Registry up until 1940 through the Drouin Collection Records. As such, you should be able to find the original church records associated to the forms that predate 1941.

 

Marriages

In the case of the marriages, the parish in which the marriage was recorded is mentioned in the form, which allows us to trace the parish record rather easily.

As an example, we will use the marriage form of Florent Beaudoin and Madeleine Lafond, which we have found using the Marriages 1926-1997 database.

The first step is to make sure the marriage falls within the date range covered by the Drouin Collection Records. Since this marriage was celebrated on the 23rd of February 1935, and so before 1941, we should be able to find the church record associated to it. The form indicates that the parish is “Montréal – N-D-du-Rosaire”.

We will find the original church record by browsing the parish register of Notre-Dame-du-Rosaire for the year 1935 in the Drouin Collection Records.

Once in the Drouin Collection Records, you will notice that the various registers are organized in a file tree structure. We will begin by opening the Quebec folder, as the parish we are looking for is in Quebec. Inside the Quebec folder, we must find the right parish folder.

Some parishes will be listed under the name of the city or region they are located in, while others will be listed under the name of the parish itself.

In the case of Montreal-based parishes, they are first sorted under the “Mtl” folder, and then under their religious affiliation. Notre-Dame-du-St-Rosaire is listed as “Montréal (Notre-Dame-du-St-Rosaire)” under the “Catholique” folder.

Once inside the correct folder, we must navigate to the right year, which will give us access to all the images associated with that register for that specific year. It is important to know that in general, the images are listed in chronological order.
This means that the first image in the folder will contain the first events recorded in the year, which are usually the ones from January. Similarly, the last few images in the folder will be those from the end of the year.

However, in the case of Notre-Dame-du-St-Rosaire, the baptisms and marriages were recorded in two different books. As such, the 1935 marriages begin in the middle of the image series. A bit of navigation will be necessary to find the record we are looking for.

And with that, we were able to find the church record associated to the marriage form given by the Marriages 1926-1997 tool.

 

Deaths

Finding the original church record associated with a death form is a little more complicated, as the form does not provide us with the parish information. Nonetheless, the form does give us the place of residence of the deceased. With that information, we can often find the correct parish. This may prove harder for larger cities, as they often have multiple parishes. Some detective work may be needed!

As an exemple, we will try to find the burial record associated to Louise Roy’s death form, which we obtained from a search in Deaths 1926-1997.

The form tells us that Louise Roy died on the 11th of November 1928, and that she lived in St-Hyacinthe. Although St-Hyacinthe is not identified as being the city where the death was recorded, it is likely that it is where we will find the burial since the deceased lived there.

Browsing the St-Hyacinthe folder in the Drouin Collection Records, we notice that it contains several sub-folders associated to different parishes. Since we have no way of knowing which parish would contain the burial record, we will have to browse one folder at a time. The first folder contains the Cathédrale de St-Hyacinthe parish register.

Since the death occurred in November, we begin our consultation among the last few images in the folder. It is very possible that the burial was not recorded the same day as the death, as it was common for a burial to be recorded one or two days after the death of the person. While browsing the register, we must keep in mind that the date of the burial could be the 12th or even the 13th of November, 1928.

And indeed, the burial was recorded on the 13th of November. With a little detective work, we were able to find the original church record associated to a Deaths 1926-1997 form, which provides us with some additional information regarding the event.

Useful links

The Marriages and Deaths 1926-1997 tool (subscription required)

The Drouin Collection Records (subscription required)

Subscribe to Genealogy Quebec

What is Genealogy Quebec?

The Obituary section

The Obituary section is one of 15 tools available to Genealogy Quebec subscribers. 

This section contains a majority of the obituaries, memorial cards and headstones available on the website. It is divided in 4 sub-sections:

  • Internet obituaries, which contains obituaries published online from 1999 to today.
  • Newspaper obituaries, which contains obituaries from newspapers published between 1860 and today.
  • Tombstones, which contains pictures of headstones from hundreds of cemeteries in Quebec and Ontario.
  • Memorial cards, which contains tens of thousands of memorial cards published between 1860 and today.

All of these subsections are indexed and can be browsed using a search engine.

Internet obituaries

This section contains obituaries published online by various Canadian newspapers and funeral homes between 1999 and today.  The collection is updated weekly, with the addition of many thousands of obituaries every month. It contains, as of November 2019, around 2.4 million obituaries.

Ragnfrid Von Krogh’s obituary from Genealogy Quebec’s Internet Obituary collection

Using the Internet obituaries

The internet obituaries section is equipped with a search engine allowing you to search by first name, last name, date of death and content of the notice.

In addition, the obituaries are organized by province, city and publication.

This allows you to manually browse through every obituary from a specific province, city or publication.

Newspaper obituaries

This section contains 663 000 death notices published in Quebec newspapers between 1860 and today.

 

Using the newspaper obituaries

This section is equipped with a search engine that lets you search by first name, last name as well as date of death.

It is always advisable to keep your initial search more vague and to narrow it if the number of results is too high. For example, it may be better to omit the deceased’s first name in your search if you already include their last name and the year of their death. Making several variations of your search (last name + date, first name + last name, first name + date, etc.) can also increase your chances of finding the record, in the event that some of the information entered is incorrect.

To view the full-size version of the obituary, click on it.

 

You can use the “%” character to search for a partial name. A search for “%” will find all the obituaries where the subject has a name beginning with “Des” (Desjarlais, Desjardins, Deslauniers, etc.). This allows you to perform more generic searches and is particularly relevant for names with multiple spellings.

Memorial cards

This section contains 92 500 memorial cards published between 1860 and today. Most of these cards pertain to individuals who died in Quebec.

Using the memorial cards

The memorial cards collection is equipped with a search engine that allows you to search by first name, last name and date of death.

As with the newspaper obituaries, it is always advisable to keep your initial search vague and to narrow it if the number of results is too high. For example, it may be preferable to omit the date of death in your search if you already include the name and surname of the deceased.

To view the full-size image of a card, simply click on it in the list of results.

You may use the “%” character to search for part of a name in this collection. For example, a search for “Lar%” will give you all the memorial cards whose subject has a name starting with “Lar” (Larrivière, Larue, Larramée, etc.). This allows you to perform more generic searches and is particularly relevant for names with multiple spellings.

 

Tombstones

This section contains 611 000 indexed pictures of headstones from various cemeteries in Quebec and Ontario. Here is the list of cemeteries available in the collection.

Using the tombstone section

This section is equipped with a search engine allowing you to search by family name or text on the stone. You may limit your search to a specific cemetery, or search within every cemetery available in the collection.

The Text field can be used to search for the names of other individuals inscribed on the stone, often the spouse or children of the couple. It may also contain the date of birth and / or death of the deceased. If your initial search does not allow you to find the gravestone you are looking for, you may want to try searching using any other information you have about the deceased. For example, you could find an individual’s headstone by looking up their year of death and their spouse’s name rather than looking for their name directly.

When you perform a search, the results will be presented as files. The files contain the name of the deceased, the name of the cemetery where they are buried, the date on which the picture of the gravestone was taken, and the text inscribed on the stone. To view the photo of the stone itself, simply click inside the appropriate file.

As with the memorial cards and the newspaper obituaries, the “%” character may be used to search for a partial name.

Useful links

The Obituary section

List of available cemeteries

Subscribe to Genealogy Quebec

What is Genealogy Quebec?

The LAFRANCE

The LAFRANCE is one of 16 tools available to Genealogy Quebec subscribers.

It is the most comprehensive research tool available on Genealogy Quebec. This database contains all of Quebec’s Catholic marriages up to 1918, as well as all of Quebec’s Catholic baptism and burial records up to 1861.

In addition to these Catholic records, all of Quebec’s Protestant marriages from 1760 to 1849, as well as 68 401 Catholic baptisms and burials from between 1862 and 2019 are included in the database. A link to the original parish document is included with every record.

You will find these parish records under two formats on the LAFRANCE:

Original documents – a digitized image of the original parish register, as it was originally drafted.

St-Philippe parish register, sourced from the Drouin Collection

Record certificate – Every record in the database is indexed under what we refer to as a certificate. The certificate contains all the relevant information extracted from the original record such as the names, dates, roles, occupations, relationships, marital status, etc.

Record certificate from the LAFRANCE

Using the LAFRANCE

The LAFRANCE is divided into 3 research sections: Individual, Couple and Parish. These sections allow you to search for an individual, a couple or for records recorded in a specific parish, respectively.

Individual

The Individual search engine allows you to search for all the mentions of an individual in the records available in the LAFRANCE.

  • Name and nickname – Last name(s) of the person sought
  • First name – First name of the person sought
  • Resemblance – Allows for more variability in names and as such a broader search, more in depth explanation later in this article
  • Period – Date range in which the search is performed. Leave blank to include all the years covered by the database.
  • Role – Role of the subject in the record (Subject of the record, spouse of the subject of the record, father of the subject of the record, mother of the subject of the record)
  • Type – Baptism, marriage or burial
  • Sex – Male, Female or indeterminate
  • Parish – Limit search to a specific parish

 

Couple

The Couple search engine allows you to search for all the mentions of a couple in the records of the LAFRANCE. A couple may be the subject of a marriage, or the parents of the subject(s) in a baptism, marriage or burial. A couple may also be the subject of a burial and their spouse.

  • Name and nickname of the husband – Last name(s) of the husband
  • First name of the husband – First name of the husband
  • Name and nickname of the wife – Last name(s) of the wife
  • First name of the wife – First name of the wife
  • Resemblance – Allows for more variability in names and as such a broader search, more in depth explanation later in this article
  • Period – Date range in which the search is performed. Leave blank to include all the years covered by the database.
  • Roles – Roles of the couple in the record: Subject-Subject (marriage), Father-Mother (marriage, baptism, burial) and Subject-Spouse (burial)
  • Parish – Limit search to a specific parish

 

Parish

The Parish search engine allows you to search for all the records of a specific parish. You can limit this search to a specific date range and type of record (baptism, marriage or burial).

  • Parish – Select the parish to search in
  • Period – Date range in which the search is performed. Leave blank to include all the years covered by the database.
  • Type – Baptism, marriage or burial

Search results

To begin a search, simply fill in the field(s) of your choice and press Search. You will then reach a list of results based on your search criteria.

LAFRANCE search results produced by a search for a Roy – Lavoie couple
  • Num.: Every record in the database is given a number that is used to identify it.
  • Date: Date on which the record was drafted
  • Type: The type of event described by the record: b (baptism), s (burial) or m (marriage)
  • Parish: Parish in which the event was recorded
  • Roles: The role carried by the searched individual(s) in the record: P-M (Father and Mother), S-C (Subject and Spouse), S-S (Subject and Subject, used to identify a marrying couple)
  • Age: Age of the subject(s), maj for major, min for minor
  • Names: Standardized version of the searched name(s), more about name standardization later in this guide

Clicking on the name of the parish will take you to the location of this parish on our interactive map of Quebec based Catholic parishes.

Click on this image to view the parish map

To view the record certificate, click on the date associated to that record in the list of results.

The record certificate contains all the relevant information extracted from the original document. You will find the names of the subject(s) and the parents, the role and the relationship between each individual mentioned in the record, the date on which the record was drafted as well as the date of the event, the marital status of the subject(s), the age of the subject(s), and more.

To view the original document itself, click on the image link found under the date of the event.

“Dit” names

If you’ve done genealogical research in Quebec in the past, it is likely that you’ve encountered “dit” names before. A “dit” name was used to differentiate individuals with similar family names in the same region. In the context of genealogical research, “dit” names can be viewed as a second surname given to an individual.

For example, a common “dit” name combination is Roy dit Desjardins. If you descend from the Roy dit Desjardins line, your ancestors will have gone under Desjardins, Roy, as well as Roy dit Desjardins over the generations. This can be a bit confusing if you’re not aware of it, as you may wonder why your ancestors would suddenly switch between two surnames.

This is why the LAFRANCE includes a Nickname tool, which gives you a list of “dit” surnames commonly associated with the last name you are researching.

When you enter a surname in the search field, a list of “dit” names commonly associated to that surname will appear in the box to the right, ordered by frequency.

This tool is very useful because it can allow you to trace a line that has gone under different family names over the generations. For example, if you are unable to find the marriage of the parents of your ancestor Pierre Desjardins, you will be aware of the possibility that the father of Pierre Desjardins bore the name Roy on his marriage, allowing you to find the record in question.

You can learn more about French-Canadian “dit names” and nicknames in this article on our blog.

Name standardization

The LAFRANCE search engine is equipped with a name dictionary, which associates a name with all of its variations. For example, a query for an individual with the surname Gauthier will prompt the search engine to look through the database for any mention of the name Gauthier as well as any of its variations, such as Gautier, Gaulthier, Gotier, etc. Thus, it isn’t necessary to manually search for multiple variations of a name.

All the variations of the Lavoie surname on the LAFRANCE

You may browse the LAFRANCE name dictionary at this address.

Please note that when searching on the LAFRANCE, the result list will always show the standard spelling of the name(s) you searched. However, the record certificate will give you the specific spelling used in the original record.

The resemblance/likeness function

The resemblance function, otherwise known as the likeness function, makes it possible to search for a name as well as any other name that resembles it. The resemblance function differs from name standardization because it not only includes all of the variations of a name, but also all of the names that are similar to it in terms of pronunciation or spelling. For example, a search for Gauthier, which will include all of the variations given earlier, will also include the names Gonthier, Vauthier, Gouthier, Authier as well as their numerous variations.

You can activate the resemblance function by checking the resemblance box on the LAFRANCE search page.

We recommend that you keep the resemblance function turned on at all times.

Search tips

The LAFRANCE’s search engine allows searching for many variables, which makes it tempting to fill as many fields as possible when using the tool. However, we recommend that you keep your initial search as vague as possible, and clarify it as needed by adding one piece of information at a time. When the name or surname searched is rare or unusual, it is rarely necessary to add more information to the search.

The more precise a search is, the more likely it is to omit the record you are looking for, as every single field must match.

For example, an initial search could start with the surname and first name of the subject. If the number of results is too high, a variable such as the year of the event or the surname of another individual mentioned in the record can be added. Often, simply adding a third variable is enough to narrow the search down sufficiently.

We also recommend, if necessary, to try several combinations of names when looking for a record. For example, imagine that we are looking for the marriage of Louis Lamontagne and Cécile Dubé. It is possible, for various reasons, for one of the spouse to have gone under a partially different name on their marriage record. If searching for “Lamontagne” as the name of the husband and “Dubé” as the name of the wife does not allow us to find this marriage, it may be interesting to try other combinations:

  • First name of the husband: Louis
  • Last name of the husband: empty
  • First name of the wife: empty
  • Last name of the wife: Dubé
    OR
  • First name of the husband: empty
  • Last name of the husband: Lamontagne
  • First name of the wife: Cécile
  • Last name of the wife: empty

And so on. As a result, if an error exists in one of the first or last names of the subjects, we will still be able to find the record.

Finally, note that you may use the “%” character in order to search for part of a name. For example, a search for “Rog%” will find all of the records where an individual bearing a name that starts with “Rog” is mentioned. This allows you to widen your search even further, if necessary.

Accessing a PRDH-IGD individual file from a LAFRANCE certificate

If you are subscribed to both PRDH-IGD.com and GenealogyQuebec.com, you can view the PRDH-IGD individual file of an individual mentioned in a LAFRANCE certificate with a single click.

To do so, make sure you are logged into both websites, and then click on the “prdh individual” mention found on the LAFRANCE certificate you are viewing.

Click on the mention circled in red to go from a GenealogyQuebec.com certificate (left) to an individual file on PRDH-IGD.com (right)

The individual file centralizes all of the mentions of an individual in the database, such as the person’s baptism, burial and marriage. The individual file also mentions the parents as well as the spouse(s). You can read this article for more information on individual files and the PRDH-IGD.

You can also learn more about the similarities and differences between PRDH-IGD.com and GenealogyQuebec.com on this page.

Useful links

The LAFRANCE (subscription required)
First name standardization
Last name standardization
“Dit” names associations
Quebec Catholic Parish map
Annual frequency of records in a parish
Subscribe to Genealogy Quebec
What is Genealogy Quebec?
Subscribe to PRDH-IGD.com
What is PRDH-IGD.com?
Genealogy Quebec and PRDH-IGD: the similarities, differences, and why you should subscribe to both

The Drouin Collection Records

 

The Drouin Collection Records is a collection of images of parish registers (baptisms, burials and marriages) as well as of other documents of historical and genealogical significance. It covers all of Quebec and French Acadia as well as parts of Ontario, New Brunswick and the Northeastern United States. This massive collection contains the entirety of Quebec’s civil registry from 1621 to the 1940s, which encompasses the vast majority of individuals who lived in the province during that period, making it an invaluable tool for genealogical research in the province.

The Drouin Collection Records are presented in a file tree structure.

It contains the following collections:

  • 00_Inventaire des microfilms (Microfilm inventory)
  • Acadie (Acadia)
    • Lieux de A à W (Locations from A to W)
    • Registres paroissiaux du nord-ouest du Nouveau-Brunswick (North West New Brunswick parish registers)
  • Divers – Miscellaneous
  • États-Unis – USA
  • France
  • Notaires – Notaries
  • Ontario
  • Québec
    • Fonds Drouin (Drouin Fond)
    • Registres paroissiaux 1621-1876 (Parish registers 1621-1876)
    • Registres paroissiaux du Fonds Létourneau (1820-2013) (Fonds Létourneau parish registers (1820-2013))
    • Registres québécois, Actes découpés (Quebec registers, cut-out records)
    • Registres québécois, Série 4000 (1801-2008) (Série 4000 Quebec registers (1801-2008))
  • Recensements – Censuses

What is a parish register?

Parish registers contain three types of records, baptisms, marriages and burials, corresponding to three sacraments bestowed by the Catholic Church to attest to their members’ status as Christians as well as their marital status. Parish records usually contain the following information:

  • Name or first name of the subject(s)
  • Name and first name of the subject(s) parents
  • Event recording date
  • Event date
  • Parish in which the event was recorded
  • Place of origin and/or place of residence of the individuals mentioned in the record
  • List of witnesses to the event
  • Signatures of the subject(s), parents and witnesses
  • Age of the subject(s)
  • Complementary information such as matrimonial status, name of the previous spouse, whether an individual is deceased at the time of recording of the event, and more
Example of a parish record as presented on Genealogy Quebec’s LAFRANCE tool

In France, the earliest registers date back to the medieval era but only became mandatory in the 16th century, in time to be implanted at the very outset of the country’s North-American colonies. And as the civil authorities were interested in recording these events because of their legal value, they ordered that the registers be kept in two copies by the priests, one copy being turned over to them each year.

In Genealogy Quebec’s Drouin Collection Records, this civil copy can be found under the Fonds Drouin folder, while the religious copy is located under the Registres paroissiaux 1621-1876 (Parish registers 1621-1876) folder.

This procedure was maintained well into the XXth century, parish registers thus representing both for its size and coverage one of Quebec’s most important archival sources for the historical study of its population.

00_Inventaire des microfilms (Microfilm inventory)

This folder contains the inventory of microfilms from which all of the Drouin collection’s images have been digitized.

Acadie (Acadia)

Lieux de A à W

The Lieux de A à W (Locations from A to W) folder contains the registers of many parishes of French Acadia. Note that a majority of the Acadian registers were lost during the deportation of 1755, so most of the registers in this collection date from after this event.

The registers are organized in a file tree structure and the images are separated by parish name and then by year. Some parishes are sorted under the name of the city or region they serve, while others are listed according to the name of the parish itself.

It is important to know that in general, the images are listed in chronological order.

This means that the first image in the folder will contain the first events recorded in that year, which are usually the ones from January. Similarly, the last few images in the folder will be those from the end of the year.

As of January 2020, these parishes are in the process of being indexed and will be gradually added to the LAFRANCE, a detailed index of Quebec, Ontario and Acadia parish registers available to Genealogy Quebec subscribers.

Here are the parishes available in the Acadie (Acadia) folder:

Acadieville Gagetown Remous-Bridge
Ardouane voir Cocagne Gédaic voir Cocagne Restigouche, comté de
Argyle (Ste-Anne) Gloucester, comté Rexton
Arichat Golding-Grove Richibouctou
Baie-des-Winds voir Cocagne Grande-Digue Richmond
Baie-du-Vin Grand-Sault Riverside
Baie-Ste-Marie (Nouvelle-Écosse) Haute-Aboujagane Rivière-Jacquet
Baie-Verte voir Cocagne Hillsborough Robertville
Balmoral Île-du-Prince-Édouard Rogersville
Barachois Île-Royale Sackville
Barnaby-River Île-St-Jean Scoudouc
Bartibogue Johnville Shédiac
Bathurst Kent, comté de Shemogue
Beaubassin Kouchibouguac Shippagan
Belledune Lac Baker St-André
Blackville Lamèque St-Andrew
Bouctouche Loch-Lomond St-Anselme
Boujagane voir Cocagne Louisbourg St-Basile
Burnt Lower-Caraquet St-Charles-Borromée
Cam’s River Madawaska St-Charles-les-Mines
Cap-Pelé Maliseet Ste-Anne
Caraquet Memramcook Ste-Anne-de-Kent
Central Kingsclear Milltown Ste-Anne-de-Restigouche
Charlo Moncton St-François-Xavier
Chatham Mont-Carmel St-Georges
Chigibouachis voir Cocagne Nash Creek St-Ignace-de-Kent
Chigibougouet voir Cocagne Néguac (Northumberland) St-Isidore
Chimougouis voir Cocagne Nelson St-Jacques
Clair Newcastle St-Jean
Cocagne Comté de Northumberland St-Léonard
Dalhousie Norton St-Louis-des-Français
Dorchester Notre-Dame-de-Kent St-Paul-de-Kent
Drummond Paquetville St-Stephen
Ecouipahaq Petersville Sunbury
Edmunston Petit-Rocher Sussex
Eel-Ground Plaisance Tracadie
Escuminac Pokemouche-en-Bas Victoria
Fairville Pokemouche-en-Haut Wellington
Fort St-Jean Port-Royal Westmorland
Frédéricton Red-Bank Woodstock

 

Registres paroissiaux du nord-ouest du Nouveau-Brunswick (North West New Brunswick parish registers)

The Registres paroissiaux du nord-ouest du Nouveau-Brunswick (North West New Brunswick parish registers) contain the parish registers of numerous parishes from North West New Brunswick up to the 1990s.

The registers are organized in a file tree structure and the images are separated by parish name and then by year. Some parishes are sorted under the name of the city or region they serve, while others are listed according to the name of the parish itself.

It is important to know that in general, the images are listed in chronological order.

This means that the first image in the folder will contain the first events recorded in that year, which are usually the ones from January. Similarly, the last few images in the folder will be those from the end of the year.

Here are the parishes available in the Registres paroissiaux du nord-ouest du Nouveau-Brunswick (North West New Brunswick parish registers) collection:

Aroostook Red Rapids
Baker-Brook Rivière-Verte
Blue Bell Saint-André
Clair Saint-Basile
Connors Sainte-Anne-de-Madawaska
Drummond (Catholique) Saint-François-Xavier
Edmunston (Immaculée-Conception) Saint-Georges
Edmunston (Notre-Dame-des-Sept-Douleurs) Saint-Hilaire
Edmunston (Notre-Dame-du-Sacré-Coeur) Saint-Jacques
Fredericton (Ste-Anne) Saint-Joseph
Grand-Sault Saint-Léonard
Kedgwick Saint-Léonard-Parent
Lac-Baker Saint-Léonard-Ville
Limestone Siding Saint-Martin
Maliseet Saint-Quentin
Perth-Andover St-Jean-Baptiste
Plaster Rock Tilley

 Divers – Miscellaneous

The Divers – Miscellaneous folder contains, as its name suggests, various documents of historical and genealogical interest such as registers, family archives and genealogies, legal archives, letters, various religious documents, censuses, maps and much more.

As with the rest of the Drouin collection, the folders are organized in a file tree structure and their contents are navigated with the mouse. The name of a folder briefly describes its content.

États-Unis – USA

The États-Unis – USA folder primarily contains American parish registers covering several regions and periods. Most of the parishes listed in this collection are from the North Eastern United States and were selected because of the strong French Canadian presence within the area.

The registers are organized in a file tree structure and the images are separated by state then parish name and year. Some parishes are sorted under the name of the city or region they serve, while others are listed according to the name of the parish itself.

It is important to know that in general, the images are listed in chronological order.

This means that the first image in the folder will contain the first events recorded in that year, which are usually the ones from January. Similarly, the last few images in the folder will be those from the end of the year.

Here are various documents and registers found in the États-Unis – USA folder:

Alabama : Piercefield Michigan :
Mobile Pierrepont Cadillac’s Village of Detroit under Cadillac
  Pitcairn Detroit Society for Genealogical Research Magazine
Arkansas : Port Henry Détroit, L’Assomption de Sandwich de Windsor
Fort St-Philippe Potsdam Détroit, Ste-Anne
  Rossie Journal «Le Francais pour Tous»
État de New York (State of New York) : Saranac Lake L’Arbre Croche (Mission)
American Legion Births Schroon Lake Makinac, Ste-Anne
Brushton Schuyler Falls Palena
Burke Shoen Family Bible St-Joseph de Michigan
Canton (Military Records) St. Lawrence County  
Chasm Falls St. Regis Falls Missouri :
Chateaugay The Kalb Florissant
Civil War Veterans 1890 Ticonderoga St-Louis
Dickinson Trout River  
Edward (Military Records) Tupper Lake New York :
Edwards Waddington Brasher Falls voir Hogansburg
Fine Westport Chazy voir Cooperville
Fine (Military Records)   Cooperville
Fort Covington Illinois : Fort Covington voir Hogansburg
Harrietstown Caskakias Fort Frédéric ou Fort Beauharnois
Hermon Fort de Chartres Hogansburg
Hogansburg Prairie du Rocher Malone voir Hogansburg
Hopkinton   Massena voir Hogansburg
Lisbon Indiana :  
Lisbon Centre Fort Vincennes Pennsylvanie :
Macomb   Fort Duquesne
Madrid Louisiane : Fort Presqu’Ile
Malone Saint Gabriel  
Massena   USA :
Mineville Maine : Births
Morristown Frenchville Massachusetts Births 1880
Norfolk Van Buren Massachusetts Births 1909
Norwood    
Ogdensburg Massachusetts : Wisconsin :
Ogdensburgh Archives of Massachusetts, Commonwealth of Massachusetts Green Bay, Baie-Verte
Parishville   Prairie-du-Chien

France

The France folder currently contains baptism, marriage and burial records from the city of Cannes.

We hope to be able to add more French registers and archives in the coming years.

Notaires – Notaries

The Notaires – Notaries folder contains an index of minutes from some 600 Quebec-based notaries.

The minutes are sorted under the names of the notaries in a file tree structure.

Ontario

The Ontario folder contains the parish registers of several Ontario parishes from their founding to the 1960s. Most of these parishes are located near the border between Quebec and Ontario and were selected because of the strong French Canadian presence within the area.

The registers are organized in a file tree structure and the images are separated by parish name and then by year. Some parishes are sorted under the name of the city or region they serve, while others are listed according to the name of the parish itself.

It is important to know that in general, the images are listed in chronological order.

This means that the first image in the folder will contain the first events recorded in that year, which are usually the ones from January. Similarly, the last few images in the folder will be those from the end of the year.

As of January 2020, these parishes are in the process of being indexed and will be gradually added to the LAFRANCE, a detailed index of Quebec, Ontario and Acadia parish registers available to Genealogy Quebec subscribers.

Here are the parishes available in the Ontario folder:

Alban Fort Frontenac Paincourt
Alexandria Fort William Pakenham
Alfred Fournier Pembroke
Almonte Garden River Plantagenet
Amherstburg Garson Pointe-aux-Roches
Apple-Hill Gatchell Port-Arthur
Arnprior Glen-Nevis Richmond
Azilda Glen-Robertson River Valley
Belle-Rivière Glen-Walter Rivière-aux-Canards
Bell’s Corners Greenfield Rockland
Billing’s Bridge Hammond Sarsfield
Blezard Valley Hanmer Sault-Ste-Marie
Blind River Hawkesbury Skead (Sudbury)
Bonfield Îles Manitoulin South Gloucester
Bourget Killarney South March
Brightside Lafontaine Spanish
Brudenell Lancaster Spragge
Burwash LaPasse St-Albert
Cache Bay Larchwood St-Andrew’s West
Callander Lavigne St-Bernadin
Capreol Leamington St-Charles
Carlsbad Spring Lebel Ste-Anne, Prescott
Cartier Lefaivre St-Eugène, Prescott
Casselman Lemieux St-Isidore, Prescott
Chatham Levack St-Joachim
Chelmsford Limoges St-Pascal-Baylon
Chrysler Little Current St-Pierre
Chute-à-Blondeau, Prescott Lively St-Raphaël
Clarence Creek Lochiel Sturgeon Falls
Coniston Lockerby Sudbury
Cooper Cliff L’Orignal Tecumseh
Corbeil Maidstone Temagami
Corkery Manitouwadge Thessalon
Cornwall Manotick Tilbury
Creighton Mines Marionville Treadwell
Cumberland Markstay Val Caron
Curran Massey Vankleek Hill
Cyrville Matachewan Vars
Dickenson’s Landing Mattawa Verner
Douglas McGregor Wahnapitei
Dwyer Metcalfe Warren
Eastview Metcalfe et Osgoode Wawa
Eganville Minnow Lake Wawa et Michipicoten
Elliot Lake Mont-St-Patrick Webbwood
Embrun Moose Creek Wendover
Espanola Moose Factory Mission Church Records White Fish
Essex New Sudbury White River
Estaire Noëlville Wikwemikong
Falconbridge North Bay Williamstown
Fallowfield Orleans Windsor
Field Osgoode Woodslee
Fitzroy Harbor Ottawa  

 

Québec

Fonds Drouin

The Fonds Drouin folder contains all of Quebec’s parish registers, from their inception in 1621 all the way to the 1940s and even sometimes 1967, depending on the parish.

The registers are organized in a file tree structure and the images are separated by parish name and then by year. Some parishes are sorted under the name of the city or region they serve, while others are listed according to the name of the parish itself.

It is important to know that in general, the images are listed in chronological order.

This means that the first image in the folder will contain the first events recorded in that year, which are usually the ones from January. Similarly, the last few images in the folder will be those from the end of the year.

In many cases, an index of the year’s records is available within the last few images of a folder. The presence of this index depends on the practices of the priest who kept the register at the time.

It is on this collection that the LAFRANCE index, another one of the multiple tools available to Genealogy Quebec subscribers, is based. The LAFRANCE index contains all of Quebec’s Catholic baptisms and burials between 1621 and 1861, all of Quebec’s Catholic marriages between 1621 and 1919, and all of Quebec’s Protestant marriages between 1760 and 1849.

 

Registres paroissiaux 1621-1876 (Parish registers 1621-1876)

The Registres paroissiaux 1621-1876 (Parish registers 1621-1876) folder contains the parish registers of Quebec from 1621 to 1876. However, these are not the same images as those available under the Quebec folder.

Historically, a parish priest in charge of recording baptisms, marriages and burials had to produce two copies of his register. One copy was kept at the church, and the other was sent to the court office, the so-called civil copy. The copy in the Quebec folder of the Drouin Collection Records is this civil copy, while the one in the Registres paroissiaux 1621-1876 (Parish registers 1621-1876) folder is the religious copy kept in the church.

The registers are organized in a file tree structure and the images are separated by parish name and then by year. Some parishes are sorted under the name of the city or region they serve, while others are listed according to the name of the parish itself.

It is important to know that in general, the images are listed in chronological order.

This means that the first image in the folder will contain the first events recorded in that year, which are usually the ones from January. Similarly, the last few images in the folder will be those from the end of the year.

 

Registres paroissiaux du Fonds Létourneau (1820-2013) (Fonds Létourneau parish registers (1820-2013))

The Fonds Létounreau is a collection of parish registers photographed by the Société de Généalogie des Cantons-de-L’Est.

These registers cover the Sherbrooke diocese from the opening of the registers until 2013.

 

Registres québécois, Actes découpés (Quebec registers, cut-out records)

The Registres québécois, Actes découpés folder contains cut-out records taken from various parish registers in Abitibi-Témiscamingue as well as the Gaspé Peninsula. What differentiates these records is that they are individually cut-out from the parish register, often making them easier to browse and read.

 

Registres québécois, Série 4000 (1801-2008) (Série 4000 Quebec registers (1801-2008))

The Série 4000 contains parish registers from various regions in Quebec, mainly the Gaspé Peninsula, Mauricie, the Laurentians, the Eastern Townships and Outaouais. These registers cover from the beginning of the 19th century up to 2008.

The registers are organized in a file tree structure and the images are separated by parish name and then by year. Some parishes are sorted under the name of the city or region they serve, while others are listed according to the name of the parish itself.

It is important to know that in general, the images are listed in chronological order.

This means that the first image in the folder will contain the first events recorded in that year, which are usually the ones from January. Similarly, the last few images in the folder will be those from the end of the year.

Recensements – Censuses

The Recensements – Censuses folder contains censuses held in Eastern Canada at various times. The 1861 census of Lower Canada, the censuses of New Brunswick from 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891 and 1901, as well as numerous excerpts from the censuses of New France dating from between 1666 and 1765. Note that these censuses are not always exhaustive.

The censuses are presented in a file tree structure and are navigated with the help of your cursor.

 

Image redigitization

The Drouin Institute is currently in the process of redigitizing several parish registers from the Drouin collection to improve their readability. These redigitized images are exclusive to GenealogyQuebec.com.

Old image
Re-digitized image

 

The Drouin Collection Records can be browsed with a subscription to Genealogy Quebec here.